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3 Javascript preprocessing


This section provides details of preprocessing by Javascript.

Javascript preprocessing

Javascript preprocessing is done by invoking JavaScript function with a single parameter 'value' and user provided function body. The preprocessing step result is the value returned from this function, for example, to perform Fahrenheit to Celsius conversion user must enter

return (value - 32)  * 5 / 9

in JavaScript preprocessing parameters, which will be wrapped into a JavaScript function by server:

function (value)
   return (value - 32) * 5 / 9

The input parameter 'value' is always passed as a string. The return value is automatically coerced to string via ToString() method (if it fails then the error is returned as string value), with a few exceptions:

  • returning undefined value will result in an error
  • returning null value will cause the input value to be discarded, much like 'Discard value' preprocessing on 'Custom on fail' action.

Errors can be returned by throwing values/objects (normally either strings or Error objects).

For example:

if (value == 0)
    throw "Zero input value"
return 1/value

Each script has a 10 second execution timeout (depending on the script it might take longer for the timeout to trigger); exceeding it will return error. Also a 10 megabyte heap limit is enforced.

The JavaScript preprocessing step bytecode is cached and reused when the step is applied next time. Any changes to the item's preprocessing steps will cause the cached script to be reset and recompiled later.

Consecutive runtime failures (3 in a row) will cause the engine to be reinitialized to mitigate the possibility of one script breaking the execution environment for the next scripts (this action is logged with DebugLevel 4 and higher).

JavaScript preprocessing is implemented with Duktape ( JavaScript engine.

Global Javascript functions

Additional global Javascript functions have been implemented with Duktape:

  • btoa(string) - encodes string to base64 string
  • atob(base64_string) - decodes base64 string

try {
    b64 = btoa("utf8 string");
    utf8 = atob(b64);
catch (error) {
    return {'' :, 'error.message' : error.message}

See also: Additional Javascript objects