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2022 Zabbix中国峰会
2022 Zabbix中国峰会

item.get

Description 说明

integer/array item.get(object parameters)

The method allows to retrieve items according to the given parameters. 此方法允许根据给定的参数获取监控项。

Parameters 参数

(object) Parameters defining the desired output. (object) 参数定义期望输出。

The method supports the following parameters. 此方法支持如下参数。

Parameter Type Description
itemids string/array Return only items with the given IDs. 返回给定IDs的监控项。
groupids string/array Return only items that belong to the hosts from the given groups. 返回属于给定组的主机的监控项。
templateids string/array Return only items that belong to the given templates. 返回属于给定模板的监控项。
hostids string/array Return only items that belong to the given hosts. 返回属于给定主机的监控项。
proxyids string/array Return only items that are monitored by the given proxies. 返回被给定代理监控的监控项。
interfaceids string/array Return only items that use the given host interfaces. 返回使用给定主机接口的监控项。
graphids string/array Return only items that are used in the given graphs. 返回在给定图表中使用的监控项。
triggerids string/array Return only items that are used in the given triggers. 返回给定触发器所使用的监控项。
applicationids string/array Return only items that belong to the given applications. 返回属于给定应用的监控项。
webitems flag Include web items in the result. 返回结果中包含web监控项。
inherited boolean If set to true return only items inherited from a template. 如果设为true,返回继承自某个模板的监控项。
templated boolean If set to true return only items that belong to templates. 如果设为true,返回属于某个模板的监控项。
monitored boolean If set to true return only enabled items that belong to monitored hosts. 如果设为true,返回属于已监控主机的已启用的监控项。
group string Return only items that belong to a group with the given name. 返回属于给定组名的监控项。
host string Return only items that belong to a host with the given name. 返回给定主机名的监控项。
application string Return only items that belong to an application with the given name. 返回属于给定应用名的监控项。
with_triggers boolean If set to true return only items that are used in triggers. 如果设为true,返回在触发器中使用的监控项。
selectHosts query Returns the host that the item belongs to as an array in the hosts property. 在host属性中已数组的形式返回监控项所属的主机。
selectInterfaces query Returns the host interface used by the item as an array in the interfaces property. 在'interfaces''属性中返回在主机接口中使用的监控项。
selectTriggers query Return triggers that the item is used in in the triggers property. 在triggers属性中返回使用该监控项的触发器。

Supports count.
selectGraphs query Return graphs that contain the item in the graphs property. 在graphs属性中返回包含该监控项的图表。

Supports count.
selectApplications query Return the applications that the item belongs to in the applications property. 在application属性中返回监控项所属的应用。
selectDiscoveryRule query Return the LLD rule that created the item in the discoveryRule property. 在discoveryRule属性中返回创建该监控项的LLD规则。
selectItemDiscovery query Return the item discovery object in the itemDiscovery property. The item discovery object links the item to an item prototype from which it was created. 在itemDiscovery属性中返回监控项发现对象。该监控项发现对象连接该监控项到监控项原型。

It has the following properties: 它有如下属性:
itemdiscoveryid - (string) ID of the item discovery;
itemid - (string) ID of the discovered item;
parent_itemid - (string) ID of the item prototype from which the item has been created;
key_ - (string) key of the item prototype;
lastcheck - (timestamp) time when the item was last discovered;
ts_delete - (timestamp) time when an item that is no longer discovered will be deleted.
selectPreprocessing query Return item preprocessing options in preprocessing property.

It has the following properties:
type - (string) The preprocessing option types:
1 - Custom multiplier;
2 - Right trim;
3 - Left trim;
4 - Trim;
5 - Regular expression matching;
6 - Boolean to decimal;
7 - Octal to decimal;
8 - Hexadecimal to decimal;
9 - Simple change;
10 - Change per second.

params - (string) Additional parameters used by preprocessing option. Multiple parameters are separated by LF (\n)character.
filter object Return only those results that exactly match the given filter. 返回紧缺匹配给定筛选条件的结果。

Accepts an array, where the keys are property names, and the values are either a single value or an array of values to match against. 接受数组,数组的键为属性名,值为要匹配的一个值或者值数组。

Supports additional filters: 支持附加筛选条件:
host - technical name of the host that the item belongs to.
limitSelects integer Limits the number of records returned by subselects. 限制子查询所返回的结果的数量。

Applies to the following subselects: 应用到如下子查询:
selectGraphs - results will be sorted by name;
selectTriggers - results will be sorted by description.
sortfield string/array Sort the result by the given properties.

Possible values are: itemid, name, key_, delay, history, trends, type and status.
countOutput boolean These parameters being common for all get methods are described in detail in the reference commentary page.
editable boolean
excludeSearch boolean
limit integer
output query
preservekeys boolean
search object
searchByAny boolean
searchWildcardsEnabled boolean
sortorder string/array
startSearch boolean

Return values 返回值

(integer/array) Returns either:

  • an array of objects;
  • the count of retrieved objects, if the countOutput parameter has been used.

Examples 示例

Finding items by key 根据key查找监控项

Retrieve all items from host with ID "10084" that have the word "system" in the key and sort them by name. 从ID为"10084"的主机获取key带有"system"的监控项,并以名称排序。

Request:

{
           "jsonrpc": "2.0",
           "method": "item.get",
           "params": {
               "output": "extend",
               "hostids": "10084",
               "search": {
                   "key_": "system"
               },
               "sortfield": "name"
           },
           "auth": "038e1d7b1735c6a5436ee9eae095879e",
           "id": 1
       }

Response:

{
           "jsonrpc": "2.0",
           "result": [
               {
                   "itemid": "23298",
                   "type": "0",
                   "snmp_community": "",
                   "snmp_oid": "",
                   "hostid": "10084",
                   "name": "Context switches per second",
                   "key_": "system.cpu.switches",
                   "delay": "1m",
                   "history": "7d",
                   "trends": "365d",
                   "lastvalue": "2552",
                   "lastclock": "1351090998",
                   "prevvalue": "2641",
                   "state": "0",
                   "status": "0",
                   "value_type": "3",
                   "trapper_hosts": "",
                   "units": "sps",
                   "snmpv3_securityname": "",
                   "snmpv3_securitylevel": "0",
                   "snmpv3_authpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_privpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_authprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_privprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_contextname": "",
                   "error": "",
                   "lastlogsize": "0",
                   "logtimefmt": "",
                   "templateid": "22680",
                   "valuemapid": "0",
                   "params": "",
                   "ipmi_sensor": "",
                   "authtype": "0",
                   "username": "",
                   "password": "",
                   "publickey": "",
                   "privatekey": "",
                   "mtime": "0",
                   "lastns": "564054253",
                   "flags": "0",
                   "interfaceid": "1",
                   "port": "",
                   "description": "",
                   "inventory_link": "0",
                   "lifetime": "0s",
                   "evaltype": "0",
                   "jmx_endpoint": "",
                   "master_itemid": "0",
                   "timeout": "3s",
                   "url": "",
                   "query_fields": [],
                   "posts": "",
                   "status_codes": "200",
                   "follow_redirects": "1",
                   "post_type": "0",
                   "http_proxy": "",
                   "headers": [],
                   "retrieve_mode": "0",
                   "request_method": "1",
                   "output_format": "0",
                   "ssl_cert_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_password": "",
                   "verify_peer": "0",
                   "verify_host": "0",
                   "allow_traps": "0"
               },
               {
                   "itemid": "23299",
                   "type": "0",
                   "snmp_community": "",
                   "snmp_oid": "",
                   "hostid": "10084",
                   "name": "CPU $2 time",
                   "key_": "system.cpu.util[,idle]",
                   "delay": "1m",
                   "history": "7d",
                   "trends": "365d",
                   "lastvalue": "86.031879",
                   "lastclock": "1351090999",
                   "prevvalue": "85.306944",
                   "state": "0",
                   "status": "0",
                   "value_type": "0",
                   "trapper_hosts": "",
                   "units": "%",
                   "snmpv3_securityname": "",
                   "snmpv3_securitylevel": "0",
                   "snmpv3_authpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_privpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_authprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_privprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_contextname": "",
                   "error": "",
                   "lastlogsize": "0",
                   "logtimefmt": "",
                   "templateid": "17354",
                   "valuemapid": "0",
                   "params": "",
                   "ipmi_sensor": "",
                   "authtype": "0",
                   "username": "",
                   "password": "",
                   "publickey": "",
                   "privatekey": "",
                   "mtime": "0",
                   "lastns": "564256864",
                   "flags": "0",
                   "interfaceid": "1",
                   "port": "",
                   "description": "The time the CPU has spent doing nothing.",
                   "inventory_link": "0",
                   "lifetime": "0s",
                   "evaltype": "0",
                   "jmx_endpoint": "",
                   "master_itemid": "0",
                   "timeout": "3s",
                   "url": "",
                   "query_fields": [],
                   "posts": "",
                   "status_codes": "200",
                   "follow_redirects": "1",
                   "post_type": "0",
                   "http_proxy": "",
                   "headers": [],
                   "retrieve_mode": "0",
                   "request_method": "1",
                   "output_format": "0",
                   "ssl_cert_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_password": "",
                   "verify_peer": "0",
                   "verify_host": "0",
                   "allow_traps": "0"
               },
               {
                   "itemid": "23300",
                   "type": "0",
                   "snmp_community": "",
                   "snmp_oid": "",
                   "hostid": "10084",
                   "name": "CPU $2 time",
                   "key_": "system.cpu.util[,interrupt]",
                   "history": "7d",
                   "trends": "365d",
                   "lastvalue": "0.008389",
                   "lastclock": "1351091000",
                   "prevvalue": "0.000000",
                   "state": "0",
                   "status": "0",
                   "value_type": "0",
                   "trapper_hosts": "",
                   "units": "%",
                   "snmpv3_securityname": "",
                   "snmpv3_securitylevel": "0",
                   "snmpv3_authpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_privpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_authprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_privprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_contextname": "",
                   "error": "",
                   "lastlogsize": "0",
                   "logtimefmt": "",
                   "templateid": "22671",
                   "valuemapid": "0",
                   "params": "",
                   "ipmi_sensor": "",
                   "authtype": "0",
                   "username": "",
                   "password": "",
                   "publickey": "",
                   "privatekey": "",
                   "mtime": "0",
                   "lastns": "564661387",
                   "flags": "0",
                   "interfaceid": "1",
                   "port": "",
                   "description": "The amount of time the CPU has been servicing hardware interrupts.",
                   "inventory_link": "0",
                   "lifetime": "0s",
                   "evaltype": "0",
                   "jmx_endpoint": "",
                   "master_itemid": "0",
                   "timeout": "3s",
                   "url": "",
                   "query_fields": [],
                   "posts": "",
                   "status_codes": "200",
                   "follow_redirects": "1",
                   "post_type": "0",
                   "http_proxy": "",
                   "headers": [],
                   "retrieve_mode": "0",
                   "request_method": "1",
                   "output_format": "0",
                   "ssl_cert_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_password": "",
                   "verify_peer": "0",
                   "verify_host": "0",
                   "allow_traps": "0"
               }
           ],
           "id": 1
       }

Finding dependent items by key 根据key查找依赖监控项

Retrieve all dependent items from host with ID "10116" that have the word "apache" in the key. 从ID未"10116"的主机中获取key名包含"apache"的依赖监控项。

Request:

{
           "jsonrpc": "2.0",
           "method": "item.get",
           "params": {
               "output": "extend",
               "hostids": "10116",
               "search": {
                   "key_": "apache"
               },
               "filter": {
                   "type": "18"
               }
           },
           "auth": "038e1d7b1735c6a5436ee9eae095879e",
           "id": 1
       }

Response:

{
           "jsonrpc": "2.0",
           "result": [
               {
                   "itemid": "25550",
                   "type": "18",
                   "snmp_community": "",
                   "snmp_oid": "",
                   "hostid": "10116",
                   "name": "Days",
                   "key_": "apache.status.uptime.days",
                   "delay": "",
                   "history": "90d",
                   "trends": "365d",
                   "status": "0",
                   "value_type": "3",
                   "trapper_hosts": "",
                   "units": "",
                   "snmpv3_securityname": "",
                   "snmpv3_securitylevel": "0",
                   "snmpv3_authpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_privpassphrase": "",
                   "formula": "",
                   "error": "",
                   "lastlogsize": "0",
                   "logtimefmt": "",
                   "templateid": "0",
                   "valuemapid": "0",
                   "params": "",
                   "ipmi_sensor": "",
                   "authtype": "0",
                   "username": "",
                   "password": "",
                   "publickey": "",
                   "privatekey": "",
                   "mtime": "0",
                   "flags": "0",
                   "interfaceid": "0",
                   "port": "",
                   "description": "",
                   "inventory_link": "0",
                   "lifetime": "30d",
                   "snmpv3_authprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_privprotocol": "0",
                   "state": "0",
                   "snmpv3_contextname": "",
                   "evaltype": "0",
                   "master_itemid": "25545",
                   "jmx_endpoint": "",
                   "timeout": "3s",
                   "url": "",
                   "query_fields": [],
                   "posts": "",
                   "status_codes": "200",
                   "follow_redirects": "1",
                   "post_type": "0",
                   "http_proxy": "",
                   "headers": [],
                   "retrieve_mode": "0",
                   "request_method": "1",
                   "output_format": "0",
                   "ssl_cert_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_password": "",
                   "verify_peer": "0",
                   "verify_host": "0",
                   "allow_traps": "0",
                   "lastclock": "0",
                   "lastns": "0",
                   "lastvalue": "0",
                   "prevvalue": "0"
               },
               {
                   "itemid": "25555",
                   "type": "18",
                   "snmp_community": "",
                   "snmp_oid": "",
                   "hostid": "10116",
                   "name": "Hours",
                   "key_": "apache.status.uptime.hours",
                   "delay": "0",
                   "history": "90d",
                   "trends": "365d",
                   "status": "0",
                   "value_type": "3",
                   "trapper_hosts": "",
                   "units": "",
                   "snmpv3_securityname": "",
                   "snmpv3_securitylevel": "0",
                   "snmpv3_authpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_privpassphrase": "",
                   "formula": "",
                   "error": "",
                   "lastlogsize": "0",
                   "logtimefmt": "",
                   "templateid": "0",
                   "valuemapid": "0",
                   "params": "",
                   "ipmi_sensor": "",
                   "authtype": "0",
                   "username": "",
                   "password": "",
                   "publickey": "",
                   "privatekey": "",
                   "mtime": "0",
                   "flags": "0",
                   "interfaceid": "0",
                   "port": "",
                   "description": "",
                   "inventory_link": "0",
                   "lifetime": "30d",
                   "snmpv3_authprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_privprotocol": "0",
                   "state": "0",
                   "snmpv3_contextname": "",
                   "evaltype": "0",
                   "master_itemid": "25545",
                   "jmx_endpoint": "",
                   "timeout": "3s",
                   "url": "",
                   "query_fields": [],
                   "posts": "",
                   "status_codes": "200",
                   "follow_redirects": "1",
                   "post_type": "0",
                   "http_proxy": "",
                   "headers": [],
                   "retrieve_mode": "0",
                   "request_method": "1",
                   "output_format": "0",
                   "ssl_cert_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_password": "",
                   "verify_peer": "0",
                   "verify_host": "0",
                   "allow_traps": "0",
                   "lastclock": "0",
                   "lastns": "0",
                   "lastvalue": "0",
                   "prevvalue": "0"
               }
           ],
           "id": 1
       }

Find HTTP agent item 查找HTTP agent 监控项

Find HTTP agent item with post body type XML for specific host id. 根据定义的主机id来查找带有XML post报文类型的监控项。

Request:

{
           "jsonrpc": "2.0",
           "method": "item.get",
           "params": {
               "hostids": "10255",
               "filter": {
                   "type": "19",
                   "post_type": "3"
               }
           },
           "id": 3,
           "auth": "d678e0b85688ce578ff061bd29a20d3b"
       }

Response:

{
           "jsonrpc": "2.0",
           "result": [
               {
                   "itemid": "28252",
                   "type": "19",
                   "snmp_community": "",
                   "snmp_oid": "",
                   "hostid": "10255",
                   "name": "template item",
                   "key_": "ti",
                   "delay": "30s",
                   "history": "90d",
                   "trends": "365d",
                   "status": "0",
                   "value_type": "3",
                   "trapper_hosts": "",
                   "units": "",
                   "snmpv3_securityname": "",
                   "snmpv3_securitylevel": "0",
                   "snmpv3_authpassphrase": "",
                   "snmpv3_privpassphrase": "",
                   "formula": "",
                   "error": "",
                   "lastlogsize": "0",
                   "logtimefmt": "",
                   "templateid": "0",
                   "valuemapid": "0",
                   "params": "",
                   "ipmi_sensor": "",
                   "authtype": "0",
                   "username": "",
                   "password": "",
                   "publickey": "",
                   "privatekey": "",
                   "mtime": "0",
                   "flags": "0",
                   "interfaceid": "0",
                   "port": "",
                   "description": "",
                   "inventory_link": "0",
                   "lifetime": "30d",
                   "snmpv3_authprotocol": "0",
                   "snmpv3_privprotocol": "0",
                   "state": "0",
                   "snmpv3_contextname": "",
                   "evaltype": "0",
                   "jmx_endpoint": "",
                   "master_itemid": "0",
                   "timeout": "3s",
                   "url": "localhost",
                   "query_fields": [
                       {
                           "mode": "xml"
                       }
                   ],
                   "posts": "<body>\r\n<![CDATA[{$MACRO}<foo></bar>]]>\r\n</body>",
                   "status_codes": "200",
                   "follow_redirects": "0",
                   "post_type": "3",
                   "http_proxy": "",
                   "headers": [],
                   "retrieve_mode": "1",
                   "request_method": "3",
                   "output_format": "0",
                   "ssl_cert_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_file": "",
                   "ssl_key_password": "",
                   "verify_peer": "0",
                   "verify_host": "0",
                   "allow_traps": "0",
                   "lastclock": "0",
                   "lastns": "0",
                   "lastvalue": "0",
                   "prevvalue": "0"
               }
           ],
           "id": 3
       }

See also

Source

CItem::get() in frontends/php/include/classes/api/services/CItem.php.