Official Zabbix packages are available for:
Install the repository configuration package. This package contains apt (software package manager) configuration files.
For Debian 10, run the following commands:
Note! For Debian 9, substitute 'buster' with 'stretch' in the commands. For Debian 8, substitute 'buster' with 'jessie' in the commands.
# wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/debian/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_4.0-2+buster_all.deb # dpkg -i zabbix-release_4.0-2+buster_all.deb # apt update
For Ubuntu 20.04 (focal), run the following commands:
# wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_4.0-3+focal_all.deb # dpkg -i zabbix-release_4.0-3+focal_all.deb # apt update
For Raspbian, run the following commands:
# wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/raspbian/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_4.0-2+buster_all.deb # dpkg -i zabbix-release_4.0-2+buster_all.deb # apt update
To install Zabbix server with MySQL support:
# apt install zabbix-server-mysql
To install Zabbix proxy with MySQL support:
# apt install zabbix-proxy-mysql
To install Zabbix frontend:
# apt install zabbix-frontend-php
Substitute 'mysql' in the commands with 'pgsql' to use PostgreSQL, or with 'sqlite3' to use SQLite3 (proxy only).
Separate databases are needed for Zabbix server and Zabbix proxy; they cannot use the same database. Therefore, if they are installed on the same host, their databases must be created with different names!
Now import initial schema and data for the server with MySQL:
# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql/create.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -p zabbix
You will be prompted to enter your newly created database password.
# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-pgsql/create.sql.gz | sudo -u zabbix psql zabbix
For proxy, import initial schema:
# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-proxy-mysql/schema.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -p zabbix
For proxy with PostgreSQL (or SQLite):
# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-proxy-pgsql/schema.sql.gz | sudo -u zabbix psql zabbix # zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-proxy-sqlite3/schema.sql.gz | sqlite3 zabbix.db
Edit zabbix_server.conf (and zabbix_proxy.conf) to use their respective databases. For example:
# vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf DBHost=localhost DBName=zabbix DBUser=zabbix DBPassword=<password>
In DBPassword use Zabbix database password for MySQL; PosgreSQL user password for PosgreSQL.
DBHost= with PostgreSQL. You might want to keep the default setting
DBHost=localhost (or an IP address), but this would make PostgreSQL use a network socket for connecting to Zabbix. Refer to the respective section for RHEL/CentOS for instructions.
It's time to start Zabbix server process and make it start at system boot:
# service zabbix-server start # update-rc.d zabbix-server enable
Substitute 'zabbix-server' with 'zabbix-proxy' to start Zabbix proxy process.
Refer to the respective section for RHEL/CentOS.
As frontend and SELinux configuration is done, you need to restart Apache web server:
# service apache2 restart
Apache configuration file for Zabbix frontend is located in /etc/apache2/conf-enabled/zabbix.conf. Some PHP settings are already configured. But it's necessary to uncomment the "date.timezone" setting and set the right timezone for you.
php_value max_execution_time 300 php_value memory_limit 128M php_value post_max_size 16M php_value upload_max_filesize 2M php_value max_input_time 300 php_value max_input_vars 10000 php_value always_populate_raw_post_data -1 # php_value date.timezone Europe/Riga
Now you are ready to proceed with frontend installation steps which will allow you to access your newly installed Zabbix.
Note that a Zabbix proxy does not have a frontend; it communicates with Zabbix server only.
To install the agent, run
# apt install zabbix-agent
To start the agent, run:
# service zabbix-agent start
If you want to run Zabbix agent as root, see here.
It is required to install Java gateway only if you want to monitor JMX applications. Java gateway is lightweight and does not require a database.
Once the required repository is added, you can install Zabbix Java gateway by running:
# apt install zabbix-java-gateway
Proceed to setup for more details on configuring and running Java gateway.