Official Zabbix 4.0 LTS packages for Debian, Ubuntu, and Raspberry Pi OS (Raspbian) are available on Zabbix website.
Packages are available with either MySQL/PostgreSQL database and Apache web server support.
Install the repository configuration package. This package contains apt (software package manager) configuration files.
For Debian 10, run the following commands:
Note! For Debian 9, substitute 'buster' with 'stretch' in the commands. For Debian 8, substitute 'buster' with 'jessie' in the commands.
# wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/debian/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_4.0-2+buster_all.deb # dpkg -i zabbix-release_4.0-2+buster_all.deb # apt update
For Ubuntu 20.04 (focal), run the following commands:
# wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_4.0-3+focal_all.deb # dpkg -i zabbix-release_4.0-3+focal_all.deb # apt update
For Raspbian, run the following commands:
# wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/raspbian/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_4.0-2+buster_all.deb # dpkg -i zabbix-release_4.0-2+buster_all.deb # apt update
To install Zabbix server with MySQL support:
To install Zabbix proxy with MySQL support:
To install Zabbix frontend:
Substitute 'mysql' in the commands with 'pgsql' to use PostgreSQL, or with 'sqlite3' to use SQLite3 (proxy only).
For Zabbix server and proxy daemons a database is required. It is not needed to run Zabbix agent.
Separate databases are needed for Zabbix server and Zabbix proxy; they cannot use the same database. Therefore, if they are installed on the same host, their databases must be created with different names!
Create the database using the provided instructions for MySQL or PostgreSQL.
Now import initial schema and data for the server with MySQL:
You will be prompted to enter your newly created database password.
For proxy, import initial schema:
For proxy with PostgreSQL (or SQLite):
# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-proxy-pgsql/schema.sql.gz | sudo -u zabbix psql zabbix # zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-proxy-sqlite3/schema.sql.gz | sqlite3 zabbix.db
Edit zabbix_server.conf (and zabbix_proxy.conf) to use their respective databases. For example:
# vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf DBHost=localhost DBName=zabbix DBUser=zabbix DBPassword=<password>
In DBPassword use Zabbix database password for MySQL; PostgreSQL user password for PostgreSQL.
DBHost= with PostgreSQL. You might want to keep the default setting
DBHost=localhost (or an IP address), but this would make PostgreSQL use a network socket for connecting to Zabbix. Refer to the respective section for RHEL/CentOS for instructions.
It's time to start Zabbix server process and make it start at system boot:
Substitute 'zabbix-server' with 'zabbix-proxy' to start Zabbix proxy process.
Refer to the respective section for RHEL/CentOS.
As frontend and SELinux configuration is done, you need to restart Apache web server:
Apache configuration file for Zabbix frontend is located in /etc/apache2/conf-enabled/zabbix.conf. Some PHP settings are already configured. But it's necessary to uncomment the "date.timezone" setting and set the right timezone for you.
php_value max_execution_time 300 php_value memory_limit 128M php_value post_max_size 16M php_value upload_max_filesize 2M php_value max_input_time 300 php_value max_input_vars 10000 php_value always_populate_raw_post_data -1 # php_value date.timezone Europe/Riga
Now you are ready to proceed with frontend installation steps which will allow you to access your newly installed Zabbix.
Note that a Zabbix proxy does not have a frontend; it communicates with Zabbix server only.
To install the agent, run
To start the agent, run:
If you want to run Zabbix agent as root, see here.
It is required to install Java gateway only if you want to monitor JMX applications. Java gateway is lightweight and does not require a database.
Once the required repository is added, you can install Zabbix Java gateway by running:
Proceed to setup for more details on configuring and running Java gateway.