Zabbix Documentation 5.2

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manual:installation:install

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manual:installation:install [2015/08/05 07:50]
martins-v updating screenshot
manual:installation:install [2020/07/10 10:22] (current)
marinagen more precise wording
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-==== Installation from sources ====+==== Installation from sources ====
  
 You can get the very latest version of Zabbix by compiling it from the sources. You can get the very latest version of Zabbix by compiling it from the sources.
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 == 1 Download the source archive == == 1 Download the source archive ==
  
-Go to the [[http://​www.zabbix.com/​download.php|Zabbix download page]] and download the source archive. Once downloaded, extract the sources, by running:+Go to the [[http://​www.zabbix.com/​download_sources|Zabbix download page]] and download the source archive. Once downloaded, extract the sources, by running:
  
-  $ tar -zxvf zabbix-3.0.0.tar.gz+  $ tar -zxvf zabbix-5.2.0.tar.gz
    
 <note tip>​Enter the correct Zabbix version in the command. It must match the name of the downloaded archive.</​note>​ <note tip>​Enter the correct Zabbix version in the command. It must match the name of the downloaded archive.</​note>​
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 For all of the Zabbix daemon processes, an unprivileged user is required. If a Zabbix daemon is started from an unprivileged user account, it will run as that user.  For all of the Zabbix daemon processes, an unprivileged user is required. If a Zabbix daemon is started from an unprivileged user account, it will run as that user. 
  
-However, if a daemon is started from a '​root'​ account, it will switch to a '​zabbix'​ user account, which must be present. To create such a user account (in its own group, "​zabbix"​) ​on Linux systemsrun:+However, if a daemon is started from a '​root'​ account, it will switch to a '​zabbix'​ user account, which must be present. To create such a user account (in its own group, "​zabbix"​),​
  
-  ​groupadd zabbix +on a RedHat-based system, run: 
-  useradd -g zabbix zabbix+ 
 +  ​groupadd ​--system ​zabbix 
 +  useradd ​--system ​-g zabbix ​-d /usr/lib/zabbix ​-s /​sbin/​nologin -c "​Zabbix Monitoring System"​ zabbix 
 + 
 +on a Debian-based system, run: 
 + 
 +  addgroup --system --quiet zabbix 
 +  adduser --quiet --system --disabled-login --ingroup zabbix --home /​var/​lib/​zabbix --no-create-home zabbix 
 + 
 +<note important>​Zabbix processes do not need a home directory, which is why we do not recommend creating it. However, if you are using some functionality that requires it (e. g. store MySQL credentials in ''​$HOME/​.my.cnf''​) you are free to create it using the following commands.\\ \\  
 + 
 +On RedHat-based systems, run: 
 + 
 +  mkdir -m u=rwx,​g=rwx,​o= -p /​usr/​lib/​zabbix 
 +  chown zabbix:​zabbix /​usr/​lib/​zabbix 
 + 
 +On Debian-based systems, run: 
 + 
 +  mkdir -m u=rwx,​g=rwx,​o= -p /​var/​lib/​zabbix 
 +  chown zabbix:​zabbix /​var/​lib/​zabbix 
 +</​note>​
  
 A separate user account is not required for Zabbix frontend installation. A separate user account is not required for Zabbix frontend installation.
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   ./configure --enable-server --enable-agent --with-mysql --enable-ipv6 --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2   ./configure --enable-server --enable-agent --with-mysql --enable-ipv6 --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2
- 
-<​note><​nowiki>​--with-libxml2</​nowiki>​ configuration option is required for virtual machine monitoring, supported since Zabbix 2.2.0.</​note>​ 
  
 To configure the sources for a Zabbix server (with PostgreSQL etc.), you may run: To configure the sources for a Zabbix server (with PostgreSQL etc.), you may run:
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   ./configure --enable-agent   ./configure --enable-agent
  
-You may use the <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ flag to statically link libraries. If you plan to distribute compiled binaries among different servers, you must use this flag to make these binaries work without required libraries. Note that <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ [[http://​blogs.sun.com/​rie/​entry/​static_linking_where_did_it|does not work under Solaris]].+or, for Zabbix agent 2: 
 + 
 +  ./configure --enable-agent2 
 +   
 +<​note>​ **Go version 1.13** or later is required for compiling Zabbix agent 2. See [[https://​golang.org/​doc/​install|golang.org]] for installation instructions.</​note>​ 
 + 
 +Notes on compilation options: 
 + 
 +  * Command-line utilities zabbix_get and zabbix_sender are compiled if %%--enable-agent%% option is used. 
 +  * <​nowiki>​--with-libcurl</​nowiki>​ and <​nowiki>​--with-libxml2</​nowiki>​ configuration options are required for virtual machine monitoring; <​nowiki>​--with-libcurl</​nowiki>​ is also required for SMTP authentication and ''​web.page.*''​ Zabbix agent [[:​manual/​config/​items/​itemtypes/​zabbix_agent|items]]. Note that cURL 7.20.0 or higher is [[:​manual/​installation/​requirements|required]] with the <​nowiki>​--with-libcurl</​nowiki>​ configuration option. 
 +  * Zabbix always compiles with the PCRE library (since version 3.4.0); installing it is not optional. %%--with-libpcre=[DIR]%% only allows pointing to a specific base install directory, instead of searching through a number of common places for the libpcre files. 
 +  * You may use the <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ flag to statically link libraries. If you plan to distribute compiled binaries among different servers, you must use this flag to make these binaries work without required libraries. Note that <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki> ​does not work in [[http://​blogs.sun.com/​rie/​entry/​static_linking_where_did_it|Solaris]]
 +  * Using <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ option is not recommended when building server. In order to build the server statically you must have a static version of every external library needed. There is no strict check for that in configure script. 
 +  * Add optional path to the MySQL configuration file <​nowiki>​--with-mysql=/<​path_to_the_file>/​mysql_config</​nowiki>​ to select the desired MySQL client library when there is a need to use one that is not located in the default location. It is useful when there are several versions of MySQL installed or MariaDB installed alongside MySQL on the same system. 
 +  * Use <​nowiki>​--with-oracle</​nowiki>​ flag to specify location of the OCI API.
  
 <note important>​ <note important>​
-Using <​nowiki>​--enable-static<​/nowiki> option ​is not recommended when building server.// // +If ./configure fails due to missing libraries or some other circumstance,​ please see the ''​config.log''​ file for more details on the error. For example, if ''​libssl'' ​is missing, the immediate error message may be misleading:
  
-In order to build the server statically you must have a static version of every external library needed. There is no strict check for that in configure script+  checking ​for main in -lmysqlclient... no 
-</​note>​+  ​configure:​ error: Not found mysqlclient library
  
-<​note>​Command-line utilities zabbix_get and zabbix_sender are compiled if %%--enable-agent%% option is used.</​note>​+While ''​config.log''​ has a more detailed description:​ 
 + 
 +  /​usr/​bin/​ld:​ cannot find -lssl 
 +  /​usr/​bin/​ld:​ cannot find -lcrypto 
 +</​note>​
  
-<​note>​Use <​nowiki>​--with-ibm-db2<​/nowiki> flag to specify location of the CLI API.\\ Use <​nowiki>​--with-oracle</​nowiki>​ flag to specify location of the OCI API.</​note>​+See also: 
 +  * [[manual:​encryption#​compiling_zabbix_with_encryption_support|Compiling Zabbix ​with encryption support]] for encryption support 
 +  * [[:manual/installation/​known_issues#​compiling_zabbix_agent_on_hp-ux|Known issues]] ​with compiling Zabbix agent on HP-UX
  
-For encryption support see [[manual:​encryption?&#​compiling_zabbix_with_encryption_support|Compiling Zabbix with encryption support]] 
 == 5 Make and install everything == == 5 Make and install everything ==
  
-<​note>​If installing from SVN, it is required to run first:+<​note>​If installing from [[https://​git.zabbix.com/​projects/​ZBX/​repos/​zabbix/​browse|Zabbix Git repository]], it is required to run first:
  
 ''​$ make dbschema''​ ''​$ make dbschema''​
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 You must specify the database name, user and password (if using any). You must specify the database name, user and password (if using any).
- 
-<​note>​With SQLite the full path to database file must be specified; DB user and password are not required.</​note>​ 
  
 The rest of the parameters will suit you with their defaults if you have a small installation (up to ten monitored hosts). You should change the default parameters if you want to maximize the performance of Zabbix server (or proxy) though. See the [[manual:​appendix:​performance_tuning|performance tuning]] section for more details. The rest of the parameters will suit you with their defaults if you have a small installation (up to ten monitored hosts). You should change the default parameters if you want to maximize the performance of Zabbix server (or proxy) though. See the [[manual:​appendix:​performance_tuning|performance tuning]] section for more details.
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 == Copying PHP files == == Copying PHP files ==
  
-Zabbix frontend is written in PHP, so to run it a PHP supported webserver is needed. Installation is done by simply copying the PHP files from frontends/​php ​to the webserver HTML documents directory. ​+Zabbix frontend is written in PHP, so to run it a PHP supported webserver is needed. Installation is done by simply copying the PHP files from the ui directory ​to the webserver HTML documents directory. ​
  
 Common locations of HTML documents directories for Apache web servers include: Common locations of HTML documents directories for Apache web servers include:
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   * /​usr/​local/​apache2/​htdocs (default directory when installing Apache from source)   * /​usr/​local/​apache2/​htdocs (default directory when installing Apache from source)
   * /​srv/​www/​htdocs (OpenSUSE, SLES)   * /​srv/​www/​htdocs (OpenSUSE, SLES)
-  * /​var/​www/​html (Fedora, RHEL, CentOS+  * /​var/​www/​html (Debian, Ubuntu, ​Fedora, RHEL, CentOS)
-  * /var/www (Debian, Ubuntu)+
   ​   ​
 It is suggested to use a subdirectory instead of the HTML root. To create a subdirectory and copy Zabbix frontend files into it, execute the following commands, replacing the actual directory: It is suggested to use a subdirectory instead of the HTML root. To create a subdirectory and copy Zabbix frontend files into it, execute the following commands, replacing the actual directory:
  
   mkdir <​htdocs>/​zabbix   mkdir <​htdocs>/​zabbix
-  cd frontends/​php+  cd ui
   cp -a . <​htdocs>/​zabbix   cp -a . <​htdocs>/​zabbix
  
-If installing from SVN and planning to use any other language than English, you must generate translation files. To do so, run:+If installing from [[https://​git.zabbix.com/​projects/​ZBX/​repos/​zabbix/​browse|Zabbix Git repository]] ​and planning to use any other language than English, you must generate translation files. To do so, run:
  
   locale/​make_mo.sh   locale/​make_mo.sh
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 <​note>​Additionally,​ to use any other language than English, its locale should be installed on the web server. See the [[manual:​web_interface:​user_profile#​see_also|"​See also"​]] section in the "User profile"​ page to find out how to install it if required.</​note>​ <​note>​Additionally,​ to use any other language than English, its locale should be installed on the web server. See the [[manual:​web_interface:​user_profile#​see_also|"​See also"​]] section in the "User profile"​ page to find out how to install it if required.</​note>​
- 
 == Installing frontend == == Installing frontend ==
  
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 In your browser, open Zabbix URL: http:<​nowiki>//</​nowiki><​server_ip_or_name>/​zabbix In your browser, open Zabbix URL: http:<​nowiki>//</​nowiki><​server_ip_or_name>/​zabbix
  
-You should see the first screen of the frontend installation wizard.+You should see the first screen of the frontend installation wizard.  
 +Use the //Default language// drop-down menu to change system default language and continue the installation process in the selected language (optional).
  
 {{install_1.png?​550|}} {{install_1.png?​550|}}
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 ^Pre-requisite^Minimum value^Description^ ^Pre-requisite^Minimum value^Description^
-|//PHP version// ​ |5.4.0  |  |+|//PHP version// ​ |7.2.0  |  |
 |//PHP memory_limit option// ​ |128MB ​ |In php.ini:\\ memory_limit = 128M  | |//PHP memory_limit option// ​ |128MB ​ |In php.ini:\\ memory_limit = 128M  |
 |//PHP post_max_size option// ​ |16MB  |In php.ini:\\ post_max_size = 16M  | |//PHP post_max_size option// ​ |16MB  |In php.ini:\\ post_max_size = 16M  |
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 |//PHP max_execution_time option// ​ | 300 seconds (values 0 and -1 are allowed) |In php.ini:\\ max_execution_time = 300  | |//PHP max_execution_time option// ​ | 300 seconds (values 0 and -1 are allowed) |In php.ini:\\ max_execution_time = 300  |
 |//PHP max_input_time option// ​ |300 seconds (values 0 and -1 are allowed) |In php.ini:\\ max_input_time = 300  | |//PHP max_input_time option// ​ |300 seconds (values 0 and -1 are allowed) |In php.ini:\\ max_input_time = 300  |
-|//PHP session.auto_start option// ​ |must be disabled ​ |In php.ini:\\ session.auto_start = 0 | +|//PHP session.auto_start option// ​ |must be disabled ​ |In php.ini:\\ session.auto_start = 0  | 
-|//Database support// ​ |One of: IBM DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SQLite ​ |One of the following modules must be installed:​\\ ​ibm_db2, ​mysql, oci8, pgsql, sqlite3 ​ |+|//Database support// ​ |One of: MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL |One of the following modules must be installed:​\\ mysql, oci8, pgsql  |
 |//​bcmath// ​ |  |php-bcmath ​ | |//​bcmath// ​ |  |php-bcmath ​ |
 |//​mbstring// ​ |  |php-mbstring ​ | |//​mbstring// ​ |  |php-mbstring ​ |
-|//PHP mbstring.func_overload option// ​ |must be disabled ​ |In php.ini:\\ mbstring.func_overload = 0 +|//PHP mbstring.func_overload option// ​ |must be disabled ​ |In php.ini:\\ mbstring.func_overload = 0  |
-|//PHP always_populate_raw_post_data option// ​ |must be set to -1 |Required only for PHP versions 5.6.0 or newer.\\ In php.ini:\\ always_populate_raw_post_data = -1 |+
 |//​sockets// ​ |  |php-net-socket. Required for user script support. ​  | |//​sockets// ​ |  |php-net-socket. Required for user script support. ​  |
-|//​gd// ​ |2.0 or higher  ​|php-gd. PHP GD extension must support PNG images (//<​nowiki>​--with-png-dir</​nowiki>//​),​ JPEG (//<​nowiki>​--with-jpeg-dir</​nowiki>//​) images and FreeType 2 (//<​nowiki>​--with-freetype-dir</​nowiki>//​). | +|//​gd// ​ |2.0.28 |php-gd. PHP GD extension must support PNG images (//<​nowiki>​--with-png-dir</​nowiki>//​),​ JPEG (//<​nowiki>​--with-jpeg-dir</​nowiki>//​) images and FreeType 2 (//<​nowiki>​--with-freetype-dir</​nowiki>//​). | 
-|//​libxml// ​ |2.6.15 ​ |php-xml ​or php5-dom ​ |+|//​libxml// ​ |2.6.15 ​ |php-xml ​ |
 |//​xmlwriter// ​ |  |php-xmlwriter ​ | |//​xmlwriter// ​ |  |php-xmlwriter ​ |
 |//​xmlreader// ​ |  |php-xmlreader ​ | |//​xmlreader// ​ |  |php-xmlreader ​ |
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 {{install_3.png?​550|}} {{install_3.png?​550|}}
  
 +If the //TLS encryption//​ option is checked, then five additional fields for [[:​manual/​appendix/​install/​db_encrypt|configuring the TLS connection]] to the database appear in the form (MySQL or PostgreSQL only).
 == Step 4 == == Step 4 ==
  
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 {{install_4.png?​550|}} {{install_4.png?​550|}}
  
 +Entering a name for Zabbix server is optional, however, if submitted, it will be displayed in the menu bar and page titles.
 == Step 5 == == Step 5 ==
  
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 == Step 6 == == Step 6 ==
  
-Download the configuration file and place it under conf/.+Download the configuration file and place it under conf/ in the webserver HTML documents subdirectory where you copied Zabbix PHP files to.
  
 {{install_6.png?​550|}} {{install_6.png?​550|}}
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 Proceed to [[manual:​quickstart:​login|getting started with Zabbix]]. Proceed to [[manual:​quickstart:​login|getting started with Zabbix]].
  
-==== Troubleshooting ====+=== 3 Installing Java gateway ​== 
 + 
 +It is required to install Java gateway only if you want to monitor JMX applications. Java gateway is lightweight and does not require a database.  
 + 
 +To install from sources, first [[:​manual/​installation/​install#​download_the_source_archive|download]] and extract the source archive. 
 + 
 +To compile Java gateway, run the ''​./​configure''​ script with ''​%%--enable-java%%''​ option. It is advisable that you specify the ''​%%--prefix%%''​ option to request installation path other than the default /usr/local, because installing Java gateway will create a whole directory tree, not just a single executable. 
 + 
 +  $ ./configure --enable-java --prefix=$PREFIX 
 + 
 +To compile and package Java gateway into a JAR file, run ''​make''​. Note that for this step you will need ''​javac''​ and ''​jar''​ executables in your path. 
 + 
 +  $ make 
 + 
 +Now you have a zabbix-java-gateway-$VERSION.jar file in src/​zabbix_java/​bin. If you are comfortable with running Java gateway from src/​zabbix_java in the distribution directory, then you can proceed to instructions for configuring and running [[:​manual/​concepts/​java#​overview_of_files_in_java_gateway_distribution|Java gateway]]. Otherwise, make sure you have enough privileges and run ''​make install''​.
  
-See the section on [[manual:​appendix:​install:​troubleshooting|installation-specific issue troubleshooting]].+  $ make install
  
 +Proceed to [[:​manual/​concepts/​java/​from_sources|setup]] for more details on configuring and running Java gateway.
 ==== See also ==== ==== See also ====
   - [[http://​www.zabbix.org/​wiki/​How_to/​configure_shared_memory|How to configure shared memory for Zabbix daemons]]   - [[http://​www.zabbix.org/​wiki/​How_to/​configure_shared_memory|How to configure shared memory for Zabbix daemons]]