You can get the very latest version of Zabbix by compiling it from the sources.
A step-by-step tutorial for installing Zabbix from the sources is provided here.
Go to the Zabbix download page and download the source archive. Once downloaded, extract the sources, by running:
Enter the correct Zabbix version in the command. It must match the name of the downloaded archive.
For all of the Zabbix daemon processes, an unprivileged user is required. If a Zabbix daemon is started from an unprivileged user account, it will run as that user.
However, if a daemon is started from a 'root' account, it will switch to a 'zabbix' user account, which must be present. To create such a user account (in its own group, "zabbix"),
on a RedHat-based system, run:
groupadd --system zabbix useradd --system -g zabbix -d /usr/lib/zabbix -s /sbin/nologin -c "Zabbix Monitoring System" zabbix
on a Debian-based system, run:
addgroup --system --quiet zabbix adduser --quiet --system --disabled-login --ingroup zabbix --home /var/lib/zabbix --no-create-home zabbix
Zabbix processes do not need a home directory, which is why we do not recommend creating it. However, if you are using some functionality that requires it (e. g. store MySQL credentials in
$HOME/.my.cnf) you are free to create it using the following commands.
On RedHat-based systems, run:
On Debian-based systems, run:
A separate user account is not required for Zabbix frontend installation.
If Zabbix server and agent are run on the same machine it is recommended to use a different user for running the server than for running the agent. Otherwise, if both are run as the same user, the agent can access the server configuration file and any Admin level user in Zabbix can quite easily retrieve, for example, the database password.
Running Zabbix as
bin, or any other account with special rights is a security risk.
For Zabbix server and proxy daemons, as well as Zabbix frontend, a database is required. It is not needed to run Zabbix agent.
SQL scripts are provided for creating database schema and inserting the dataset. Zabbix proxy database needs only the schema while Zabbix server database requires also the dataset on top of the schema.
Having created a Zabbix database, proceed to the following steps of compiling Zabbix.
When configuring the sources for a Zabbix server or proxy, you must specify the database type to be used. Only one database type can be compiled with a server or proxy process at a time.
To see all of the supported configuration options, inside the extracted Zabbix source directory run:
To configure the sources for a Zabbix server and agent, you may run something like:
./configure --enable-server --enable-agent --with-mysql --enable-ipv6 --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2 --with-openipmi
To configure the sources for a Zabbix server (with PostgreSQL etc.), you may run:
To configure the sources for a Zabbix proxy (with SQLite etc.), you may run:
To configure the sources for a Zabbix agent, you may run:
or, Zabbix agent 2:
Notes on compilation options:
web.page.*Zabbix agent items. Note that cURL 7.20.0 or higher is required with the --with-libcurl configuration option.
If ./configure fails due to missing libraries or some other circumstance, please see the
config.log file for more details on the error. For example, if
libssl is missing, the immediate error message may be misleading:
config.log has a more detailed description:
If installing from Zabbix Git repository, it is required to run first:
$ make dbschema
This step should be run as a user with sufficient permissions (commonly 'root', or by using
make install will by default install the daemon binaries (zabbix_server, zabbix_agentd, zabbix_proxy) in /usr/local/sbin and the client binaries (zabbix_get, zabbix_sender) in /usr/local/bin.
To specify a different location than /usr/local, use a --prefix key in the previous step of configuring sources, for example --prefix=/home/zabbix. In this case daemon binaries will be installed under <prefix>/sbin, while utilities under <prefix>/bin. Man pages will be installed under <prefix>/share.
You need to configure this file for every host with zabbix_agentd installed.
You must specify the Zabbix server IP address in the file. Connections from other hosts will be denied.
You must specify the database name, user and password (if using any).
The rest of the parameters will suit you with their defaults if you have a small installation (up to ten monitored hosts). You should change the default parameters if you want to maximize the performance of Zabbix server (or proxy) though.
You must specify the server IP address and proxy hostname (must be known to the server), as well as the database name, user and password (if using any).
With SQLite the full path to database file must be specified; DB user and password are not required.
Run zabbix_server on the server side.
Make sure that your system allows allocation of 36MB (or a bit more) of shared memory, otherwise the server may not start and you will see "Cannot allocate shared memory for <type of cache>." in the server log file. This may happen on FreeBSD, Solaris 8.
Run zabbix_agentd on all the monitored machines.
Make sure that your system allows allocation of 2MB of shared memory, otherwise the agent may not start and you will see "Cannot allocate shared memory for collector." in the agent log file. This may happen on Solaris 8.
If you have installed Zabbix proxy, run zabbix_proxy.
Zabbix frontend is written in PHP, so to run it a PHP supported webserver is needed. Installation is done by simply copying the PHP files from the ui directory to the webserver HTML documents directory.
Common locations of HTML documents directories for Apache web servers include:
It is suggested to use a subdirectory instead of the HTML root. To create a subdirectory and copy Zabbix frontend files into it, execute the following commands, replacing the actual directory:
If planning to use any other language than English, see Installation of additional frontend languages for instructions.
Please see Web interface installation page for information about Zabbix frontend installation wizard.
It is required to install Java gateway only if you want to monitor JMX applications. Java gateway is lightweight and does not require a database.
To install from sources, first download and extract the source archive.
To compile Java gateway, run the
./configure script with
--enable-java option. It is advisable that you specify the
--prefix option to request installation path other than the default /usr/local, because installing Java gateway will create a whole directory tree, not just a single executable.
To compile and package Java gateway into a JAR file, run
make. Note that for this step you will need
jar executables in your path.
Now you have a zabbix-java-gateway-$VERSION.jar file in src/zabbix_java/bin. If you are comfortable with running Java gateway from src/zabbix_java in the distribution directory, then you can proceed to instructions for configuring and running Java gateway. Otherwise, make sure you have enough privileges and run
Proceed to setup for more details on configuring and running Java gateway.