Zabbix Documentation 3.0

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manual:config:triggers:dependencies

3 Trigger dependencies

Overview

Sometimes the availability of one host depends on another. A server that is behind some router will become unreachable if the router goes down. With triggers configured for both, you might get notifications about two hosts down - while only the router was the guilty party.

This is where some dependency between hosts might be useful. With dependency set notifications of the dependants could be withheld and only the notification for the root problem sent.

While Zabbix does not support dependencies between hosts directly, they may be defined with another, more flexible method - trigger dependencies. A trigger may have one or more triggers it depends on.

So in our simple example we open the server trigger configuration form and set that it depends on the respective trigger of the router. With such dependency the server trigger will not change state as long as the trigger it depends on is in 'PROBLEM' state - and thus no dependant actions will be taken and no notifications sent.

If both the server and the router are down and dependency is there, Zabbix will not execute actions for the dependent trigger.

Actions on dependent triggers will not be executed if the state of the trigger that it depends on changes from 'PROBLEM' to 'UNKNOWN'.

It is important to note that events/actions for dependent triggers will not be suppressed if the trigger they depend on is disabled, has disabled item or disabled item host.

Also:

  • Trigger dependency may be added from any host trigger to any other host trigger, as long as it wouldn't result in a circular dependency.
  • Trigger dependency may be added from a template to a template. If a trigger from template A depends on a trigger from template B, template A may only be linked to a host (or another template) together with template B, but template B may be linked to a host (or another template) alone.
  • Trigger dependency may be added from template trigger to a host trigger. In this case, linking such a template to a host will create a host trigger that depends on the same trigger template trigger was depending on. This allows to, for example, have a template where some triggers depend on router (host) triggers. All hosts linked to this template will depend on that specific router.
  • Trigger dependency from a host trigger to a template trigger may not be added.
  • Trigger dependency may be added from a trigger prototype to another trigger prototype (within the same low-level discovery rule) or a real trigger. A trigger prototype may not depend on a trigger prototype from a different LLD rule or on a trigger created from trigger prototype. Host trigger prototype cannot depend on a trigger from a template.

Configuration

To define a dependency, open the Dependencies tab in a trigger configuration form. Click on Add in the 'Dependencies' block and select one or more triggers that our trigger will depend on.

Click Update. Now the trigger has an indication of its dependency in the list.

Example of several dependencies

For example, a Host is behind a Router2 and the Router2 is behind a Router1.

Zabbix - Router1 - Router2 - Host

If Router1 is down, then obviously Host and Router2 are also unreachable yet we don't want to receive three notifications about Host, Router1 and Router2 all being down.

So in this case we define two dependencies:

'Host is down' trigger depends on 'Router2 is down' trigger
'Router2 is down' trigger depends on 'Router1 is down' trigger

Before changing the status of the 'Host is down' trigger, Zabbix will check for corresponding trigger dependencies. If found, and one of those triggers is in 'Problem' state, then the trigger status will not be changed and thus actions will not be executed and notifications will not be sent.

Zabbix performs this check recursively. If Router1 or Router2 is unreachable, the Host trigger won't be updated.