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2022 Zabbix中国峰会
2022 Zabbix中国峰会

4 Header and data length

Overview

The header is present in all request and response messages between Zabbix components. It is required to determine the message length, if it is compressed or not, if it is a large packet or not.

Zabbix communications protocol has 1GB packet size limit per connection. The limit of 1GB is applied to both the received packet data length and the uncompressed data length.

When sending configuration to Zabbix proxy, the packet size limit is increased to 4GB to allow syncing large configurations. When data length before compression exceeds 4GB, Zabbix server automatically starts using the large packet format (0x04 flag) which increases the packet size limit to 16GB.

Note that while a large packet format can be used for sending any data, currently only the Zabbix proxy configuration syncer can handle packets that are larger than 1GB.

Structure

The header consists of four fields. All numbers in the header are formatted as little-endian.

Field Size Size
(large packet)
Description
<PROTOCOL> 4 4 "ZBXD" or 5A 42 58 44
<FLAGS> 1 1 Protocol flags:
0x01 - Zabbix communications protocol
0x02 - compression
0x04 - large packet
<DATALEN> 4 8 Data length.
<RESERVED> 4 8 When compression is used (0x02 flag) - the length of uncompressed data
When compression is not used - 00 00 00 00

实施

以下是显示如何将Zabbix协议标头添加到的代码段 data想要 发送以获取 packet必须 发送到Zabbix以便正确解释。

Language Code
bash printf -v LENGTH '%016x' "${#DATA}"PACK=""for i in {14..0..-2}; do PACK="$PACK\\x${LENGTH:$i:2}"; doneprintf "ZBXD\1$PACK%s" $DATA
Java byte[] header = new byte[] {'Z', 'B', 'X', 'D', '\1',(byte)(data.length & 0xFF),(byte)((data.length >> 8) & 0xFF),(byte)((data.length >> 16) & 0xFF),(byte)((data.length >> 24) & 0xFF),'\0', '\0', '\0', '\0'};| |<|byte[] packet = new byte[header.length + data.length];System.arraycopy(header, 0, packet, 0, header.length);System.arraycopy(data, 0, packet, header.length, data.length);
PHP $packet = "ZBXD\1" . pack('P', strlen($data)) . $data;or$packet = "ZBXD\1" . pack('V', strlen($data)) . "\0\0\0\0" . $data;
Perl my $packet = "ZBXD\1" . pack('<Q', length($data)) . $data;ormy $packet = "ZBXD\1" . pack('V', length($data)) . "\0\0\0\0" . $data;
Python packet = "ZBXD\1" + struct.pack('<Q', len(data)) + data

4 Header and data length

Overview

Header and data length are present in response and request messages between Zabbix components. It is required to determine the length of message.

<HEADER> - "ZBXD\x01" (5 bytes)
       <DATALEN> - data length (8 bytes). 1 will be formatted as 01/00/00/00/00/00/00/00 (eight bytes, 64 bit number in little-endian format)

To not exhaust memory (potentially) Zabbix protocol is limited to accept only 128MB in one connection.

Implementation

Here are code snippets showing how to add Zabbix protocol header to the data you want to send in order to obtain packet you should send to Zabbix so it is interpreted correctly.

Language Code
bash printf -v LENGTH '%016x' "${#DATA}"PACK=""for i in {14..0..-2}; do PACK="$PACK\\x${LENGTH:$i:2}"; doneprintf "ZBXD\1$PACK%s" $DATA
Java byte[] header = new byte[] {'Z', 'B', 'X', 'D', '\1',(byte)(data.length & 0xFF),(byte)((data.length >> 8) & 0xFF),(byte)((data.length >> 16) & 0xFF),(byte)((data.length >> 24) & 0xFF),'\0', '\0', '\0', '\0'};| |<|byte[] packet = new byte[header.length + data.length];System.arraycopy(header, 0, packet, 0, header.length);System.arraycopy(data, 0, packet, header.length, data.length);
PHP $packet = "ZBXD\1" . pack('P', strlen($data)) . $data;or$packet = "ZBXD\1" . pack('V', strlen($data)) . "\0\0\0\0" . $data;
Perl my $packet = "ZBXD\1" . pack('<Q', length($data)) . $data;ormy $packet = "ZBXD\1" . pack('V', length($data)) . "\0\0\0\0" . $data;
Python packet = "ZBXD\1" + struct.pack('<Q', len(data)) + data