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zh:manual:appendix:config:special_notes_include

6 关于“Include”参数的特别说明

6 Special notes on "Include" parameter

如果Include 参数用来包含一个文件, 该文件必须可读。 If an Include parameter is used for including a file, the file must be readable.

如果Include 参数用来包含一个目录: If an Include parameter is used for including a directory:

  1. 该目录下所有文件必须可读。
  2. 不考虑包含的特定顺序 (例如:文件不按字母顺序包含)。因此,不要在几个Include文件中定义一个相同参数(例如:以特定参数覆盖通用设置)。
  3. 该目录下的所有文件都包含在配置文件中。
  4. 注意一些文本编辑器会自动创建文件备份。 如, 如果编辑 include/my_specific.conf 会产生一个副本 include/my_specific_conf.BAK ,两个文件都会包含在内。请将include/my_specific.conf.BAK 文件移除 。 在Linux系统中, Include 目录的内容可以通过ls -al命令来检查是否有不必要的文件。
  5. All files in the directory must be readable.
  6. No particular order of inclusion should be assumed (e.g. files are not included in alphabetical order). Therefore do not define one parameter in several Include files (e.g. to override a general setting with a specific one).
  7. All files in the directory are included into configuration.
  8. Beware of file backup copies automatically created by some text editors. For example, if editing the include/my_specific.conf file produces a backup copy include/my_specific_conf.BAK then both files will be included. Move include/my_specific.conf.BAK out of the “Include” directory. On Linux, contents of the Include directory can be checked with a ls -al command for unnecessary files.

如果Include参数使用模式来匹配包含的文件: If an Include parameter is used for including files using a pattern:

  1. 与模式匹配的所有文件都必须是可读的。
  2. 不考虑包含的特定顺序 (例如:文件不按字母顺序包含)。因此,不要在几个Include文件中定义一个相同参数(例如:以特定参数覆盖通用设置)。
  3. All files matching the pattern must be readable.
  4. No particular order of inclusion should be assumed (e.g. files are not included in alphabetical order). Therefore do not define one parameter in several Include files (e.g. to override a general setting with a specific one).