Documentation

Sidebar

Zabbix Summit 2022
Register for Zabbix Summit 2022

6 Media types

Overview

Media types are exported with all related objects and object relations.

Exporting

To export media types, do the following:

  • Go to: AdministrationMedia types
  • Mark the checkboxes of the media types to export
  • Click on Export below the list

Depending on the selected format, media types are exported to a local file with a default name:

  • zabbix_export_mediatypes.yaml - in YAML export (default option for export)
  • zabbix_export_mediatypes.xml - in XML export
  • zabbix_export_mediatypes.json - in JSON export

Importing

To import media types, do the following:

  • Go to: AdministrationMedia types
  • Click on Import to the right
  • Select the import file
  • Mark the required options in import rules
  • Click on Import

A success or failure message of the import will be displayed in the frontend.

Import rules:

Rule Description
Update existing Existing elements will be updated with data taken from the import file. Otherwise they will not be updated.
Create new The import will add new elements using data from the import file. Otherwise it will not add them.
Delete missing The import will remove existing elements not present in the import file. Otherwise it will not remove them.

Export format

Export to YAML:

zabbix_export:
         version: '6.2'
         date: '2021-08-31T13:34:17Z'
         media_types:
           -
             name: Pushover
             type: WEBHOOK
             parameters:
               -
                 name: endpoint
                 value: 'https://api.pushover.net/1/messages.json'
               -
                 name: eventid
                 value: '{EVENT.ID}'
               -
                 name: event_nseverity
                 value: '{EVENT.NSEVERITY}'
               -
                 name: event_source
                 value: '{EVENT.SOURCE}'
               -
                 name: event_value
                 value: '{EVENT.VALUE}'
               -
                 name: expire
                 value: '1200'
               -
                 name: message
                 value: '{ALERT.MESSAGE}'
               -
                 name: priority_average
                 value: '0'
               -
                 name: priority_default
                 value: '0'
               -
                 name: priority_disaster
                 value: '0'
               -
                 name: priority_high
                 value: '0'
               -
                 name: priority_information
                 value: '0'
               -
                 name: priority_not_classified
                 value: '0'
               -
                 name: priority_warning
                 value: '0'
               -
                 name: retry
                 value: '60'
               -
                 name: title
                 value: '{ALERT.SUBJECT}'
               -
                 name: token
                 value: '<PUSHOVER TOKEN HERE>'
               -
                 name: triggerid
                 value: '{TRIGGER.ID}'
               -
                 name: url
                 value: '{$ZABBIX.URL}'
               -
                 name: url_title
                 value: Zabbix
               -
                 name: user
                 value: '{ALERT.SENDTO}'
             max_sessions: '0'
             script: |
               try {
                   var params = JSON.parse(value),
                       request = new HttpRequest(),
                       data,
                       response,
                       severities = [
                           {name: 'not_classified', color: '#97AAB3'},
                           {name: 'information', color: '#7499FF'},
                           {name: 'warning', color: '#FFC859'},
                           {name: 'average', color: '#FFA059'},
                           {name: 'high', color: '#E97659'},
                           {name: 'disaster', color: '#E45959'},
                           {name: 'resolved', color: '#009900'},
                           {name: 'default', color: '#000000'}
                       ],
                       priority;
               
                   if (typeof params.HTTPProxy === 'string' && params.HTTPProxy.trim() !== '') {
                       request.setProxy(params.HTTPProxy);
                   }
               
                   if ([0, 1, 2, 3].indexOf(parseInt(params.event_source)) === -1) {
                       throw 'Incorrect "event_source" parameter given: "' + params.event_source + '".\nMust be 0-3.';
                   }
               
                   if (params.event_value !== '0' && params.event_value !== '1'
                       && (params.event_source === '0' || params.event_source === '3')) {
                       throw 'Incorrect "event_value" parameter given: ' + params.event_value + '\nMust be 0 or 1.';
                   }
               
                   if ([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5].indexOf(parseInt(params.event_nseverity)) === -1) {
                       params.event_nseverity = '7';
                   }
               
                   if (params.event_value === '0') {
                       params.event_nseverity = '6';
                   }
               
                   priority = params['priority_' + severities[params.event_nseverity].name] || params.priority_default;
               
                   if (isNaN(priority) || priority < -2 || priority > 2) {
                       throw '"priority" should be -2..2';
                   }
               
                   if (params.event_source === '0' && isNaN(params.triggerid)) {
                       throw 'field "triggerid" is not a number';
                   }
               
                   if (isNaN(params.eventid)) {
                       throw 'field "eventid" is not a number';
                   }
               
                   if (typeof params.message !== 'string' || params.message.trim() === '') {
                       throw 'field "message" cannot be empty';
                   }
               
                   data = {
                       token: params.token,
                       user: params.user,
                       title: params.title,
                       message: params.message,
                       url: (params.event_source === '0') 
                           ? params.url + '/tr_events.php?triggerid=' + params.triggerid + '&eventid=' + params.eventid
                           : params.url,
                       url_title: params.url_title,
                       priority: priority
                   };
               
                   if (priority == 2) {
                       if (isNaN(params.retry) || params.retry < 30) {
                           throw 'field "retry" should be a number with value of at least 30 if "priority" is set to 2';
                       }
               
                       if (isNaN(params.expire) || params.expire > 10800) {
                           throw 'field "expire" should be a number with value of at most 10800 if "priority" is set to 2';
                       }
               
                       data.retry = params.retry;
                       data.expire = params.expire;
                   }
               
                   data = JSON.stringify(data);
                   Zabbix.log(4, '[ Pushover Webhook ] Sending request: ' + params.endpoint + '\n' + data);
               
                   request.addHeader('Content-Type: application/json');
                   response = request.post(params.endpoint, data);
               
                   Zabbix.log(4, '[ Pushover Webhook ] Received response with status code ' + request.getStatus() + '\n' + response);
               
                   if (response !== null) {
                       try {
                           response = JSON.parse(response);
                       }
                       catch (error) {
                           Zabbix.log(4, '[ Pushover Webhook ] Failed to parse response received from Pushover');
                           response = null;
                       }
                   }
               
                   if (request.getStatus() != 200 || response === null || typeof response !== 'object' || response.status !== 1) {
                       if (response !== null && typeof response === 'object' && typeof response.errors === 'object'
                               && typeof response.errors[0] === 'string') {
                           throw response.errors[0];
                       }
                       else {
                           throw 'Unknown error. Check debug log for more information.';
                       }
                   }
               
                   return 'OK';
               }
               catch (error) {
                   Zabbix.log(4, '[ Pushover Webhook ] Pushover notification failed: ' + error);
                   throw 'Pushover notification failed: ' + error;
               }
             description: |
               Please refer to setup guide here: https://git.zabbix.com/projects/ZBX/repos/zabbix/browse/templates/media/pushover
               
               Set token parameter with to your Pushover application key.
               When assigning Pushover media to the Zabbix user - add user key into send to field.
             message_templates:
               -
                 event_source: TRIGGERS
                 operation_mode: PROBLEM
                 subject: 'Problem: {EVENT.NAME}'
                 message: |
                   Problem started at {EVENT.TIME} on {EVENT.DATE}
                   Problem name: {EVENT.NAME}
                   Host: {HOST.NAME}
                   Severity: {EVENT.SEVERITY}
                   Operational data: {EVENT.OPDATA}
                   Original problem ID: {EVENT.ID}
                   {TRIGGER.URL}
               -
                 event_source: TRIGGERS
                 operation_mode: RECOVERY
                 subject: 'Resolved in {EVENT.DURATION}: {EVENT.NAME}'
                 message: |
                   Problem has been resolved at {EVENT.RECOVERY.TIME} on {EVENT.RECOVERY.DATE}
                   Problem name: {EVENT.NAME}
                   Problem duration: {EVENT.DURATION}
                   Host: {HOST.NAME}
                   Severity: {EVENT.SEVERITY}
                   Original problem ID: {EVENT.ID}
                   {TRIGGER.URL}
               -
                 event_source: TRIGGERS
                 operation_mode: UPDATE
                 subject: 'Updated problem in {EVENT.AGE}: {EVENT.NAME}'
                 message: |
                   {USER.FULLNAME} {EVENT.UPDATE.ACTION} problem at {EVENT.UPDATE.DATE} {EVENT.UPDATE.TIME}.
                   {EVENT.UPDATE.MESSAGE}
                   
                   Current problem status is {EVENT.STATUS}, age is {EVENT.AGE}, acknowledged: {EVENT.ACK.STATUS}.
               -
                 event_source: DISCOVERY
                 operation_mode: PROBLEM
                 subject: 'Discovery: {DISCOVERY.DEVICE.STATUS} {DISCOVERY.DEVICE.IPADDRESS}'
                 message: |
                   Discovery rule: {DISCOVERY.RULE.NAME}
                   
                   Device IP: {DISCOVERY.DEVICE.IPADDRESS}
                   Device DNS: {DISCOVERY.DEVICE.DNS}
                   Device status: {DISCOVERY.DEVICE.STATUS}
                   Device uptime: {DISCOVERY.DEVICE.UPTIME}
                   
                   Device service name: {DISCOVERY.SERVICE.NAME}
                   Device service port: {DISCOVERY.SERVICE.PORT}
                   Device service status: {DISCOVERY.SERVICE.STATUS}
                   Device service uptime: {DISCOVERY.SERVICE.UPTIME}
               -
                 event_source: AUTOREGISTRATION
                 operation_mode: PROBLEM
                 subject: 'Autoregistration: {HOST.HOST}'
                 message: |
                   Host name: {HOST.HOST}
                   Host IP: {HOST.IP}
                   Agent port: {HOST.PORT}

Element tags

Element tag values are explained in the table below.

Element Element property Required Type Range1 Description
media_types - Root element for media_types.
name x string Media type name.
type x string 0 - EMAIL
1 - SMS
2 - SCRIPT
4 - WEBHOOK
Transport used by the media type.
status - string 0 - ENABLED (default)
1 - DISABLED
Whether the media type is enabled.
max_sessions - integer Possible values for SMS: 1 - (default)

Possible values for other media types: 0-100, 0 - unlimited
The maximum number of alerts that can be processed in parallel.
attempts - integer 1-10 (default: 3) The maximum number of attempts to send an alert.
attempt_interval - string 0-60s (default: 10s) The interval between retry attempts.

Accepts seconds and time unit with suffix.
description - string Media type description.
message_templates - Root element for media type message templates.
event_source x string 0 - TRIGGERS
1 - DISCOVERY
2 - AUTOREGISTRATION
3 - INTERNAL
Event source.
operation_mode x string 0 - PROBLEM
1 - RECOVERY
2 - UPDATE
Operation mode.
subject - string Message subject.
message - string Message body.
Used only by e-mail media type
smtp_server x string SMTP server.
smtp_port - integer Default: 25 SMTP server port to connect to.
smtp_helo x string SMTP helo.
smtp_email x string Email address from which notifications will be sent.
smtp_security - string 0 - NONE (default)
1 - STARTTLS
2 - SSL_OR_TLS
SMTP connection security level to use.
smtp_verify_host - string 0 - NO (default)
1 - YES
SSL verify host for SMTP. Optional if smtp_security is STARTTLS or SSL_OR_TLS.
smtp_verify_peer - string 0 - NO (default)
1 - YES
SSL verify peer for SMTP. Optional if smtp_security is STARTTLS or SSL_OR_TLS.
smtp_authentication - string 0 - NONE (default)
1 - PASSWORD
SMTP authentication method to use.
username - string Username.
password - string Authentication password.
content_type - string 0 - TEXT
1 - HTML (default)
Message format.
Used only by SMS media type
gsm_modem x string Serial device name of the GSM modem.
Used only by script media type
script name x string Script name.
parameters - Root element for script parameters.
Used only by webhook media type
script x string Script.
timeout - string 1-60s (default: 30s) Javascript script HTTP request timeout interval.
process_tags - string 0 - NO (default)
1 - YES
Whether to process returned tags.
show_event_menu - string 0 - NO (default)
1 - YES
If {EVENT.TAGS.*} were successfully resolved in event_menu_url and event_menu_name fields, this field indicates presence of entry in the event menu.
event_menu_url - string URL of the event menu entry. Supports {EVENT.TAGS.*} macro.
event_menu_name - string Name of the event menu entry. Supports {EVENT.TAGS.*} macro.
parameters - Root element for webhook media type parameters.
name x string Webhook parameter name.
value - string Webhook parameter value.
Footnotes

1 For string values, only the string will be exported (e.g. "EMAIL") without the numbering used in this table. The numbers for range values (corresponding to the API values) in this table is used for ordering only.