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3 User groups

Overview

User groups allow to group users both for organizational purposes and for assigning permissions to data. Permissions to viewing and configuring data of host groups and template groups are assigned to user groups, not individual users.

It may often make sense to separate what information is available for one group of users and what - for another. This can be accomplished by grouping users and then assigning varied permissions to host and template groups.

A user can belong to any number of groups.

Configuration

To configure a user group:

  • Go to Administration → User groups
  • Click on Create user group (or on the group name to edit an existing group)
  • Edit group attributes in the form

The User group tab contains general group attributes:

All mandatory input fields are marked with a red asterisk.

Parameter Description
Group name Unique group name.
Users To add users to the group start typing the name of an existing user. When the dropdown with matching user names appears, scroll down to select.
Alternatively you may click the Select button to select users in a popup.
Frontend access How the users of the group are authenticated.
System default - use default authentication method (set globally)
Internal - use Zabbix internal authentication (even if LDAP authentication is used globally).
Ignored if HTTP authentication is the global default.
LDAP - use LDAP authentication (even if internal authentication is used globally).
Ignored if HTTP authentication is the global default.
Disabled - access to Zabbix frontend is forbidden for this group
LDAP server Select which LDAP server to use to authenticate the user.
This field is enabled only if Frontend access is set to LDAP or System default.
Enabled Status of user group and group members.
Checked - user group and users are enabled
Unchecked - user group and users are disabled
Debug mode Mark this checkbox to activate debug mode for the users.

The Template permissions tab allows to specify user group access to template group (and thereby template) data:

The Host permissions tab allows to specify user group access to host group (and thereby host) data:

Template permissions and Host permissions tabs support the same set of parameters.

Current permissions to groups are displayed in the Permissions block.

If current permissions of the group are inherited by all nested groups, that is indicated by the including subgroups text in the parenthesis after the group name.

You may change the level of access to a group:

  • Read-write - read-write access to a group;
  • Read - read-only access to a group;
  • Deny - access to a group denied;
  • None - no permissions are set.

Use the selection field below to select groups and the level of access to them (note that selecting None will remove a group from the list if the group is already in the list). If you wish to include nested groups, mark the Include subgroups checkbox. This field is auto-complete so starting to type the name of a group will offer a dropdown of matching groups. If you wish to see all groups, click on Select.

A super admin level user can enforce the same level of permissions to the nested groups as to the parent group in the host/template group configuration form.

If a user group grants Read-write permissions to a host, and None to a template, the user will not be able to edit templated items on the host, and template name will be displayed as Inaccessible template.

The Problem tag filter tab allows setting tag-based permissions for user groups to see problems filtered by tag name and value:

To select a host group to apply a tag filter for, click Select to get the complete list of existing host groups or start to type the name of a host group to get a dropdown of matching groups. Only host groups will be displayed, because problem tag filter cannot be applied to template groups.

To apply tag filters to nested host groups, mark the Include subgroups checkbox.

Tag filter allows to separate the access to host group from the possibility to see problems.

For example, if a database administrator needs to see only "MySQL" database problems, it is required to create a user group for database administrators first, than specify "Service" tag name and "MySQL" value.

If "Service" tag name is specified and value field is left blank, the user group will see all problems with tag name "Service" for the selected host group. If both tag name and value fields are blank, but a host group is selected, the user group will see all problems for the specified host group.

Make sure tag name and tag value are correctly specified, otherwise, the user group will not see any problems.

Let's review an example when a user is a member of several user groups selected. Filtering in this case will use OR condition for tags.

User group A User group B Visible result for a user (member) of both groups
Tag filter
Host group Tag name Tag value Host group Tag name Tag value
Linux servers Service MySQL Linux servers Service Oracle Service: MySQL or Oracle problems visible
Linux servers blank blank Linux servers Service Oracle All problems visible
not selected blank blank Linux servers Service Oracle Service:Oracle problems visible

Adding a filter (for example, all tags in a certain host group "Linux servers") results in not being able to see the problems of other host groups.

Access from several user groups

A user may belong to any number of user groups. These groups may have different access permissions to hosts or templates.

Therefore, it is important to know what entities an unprivileged user will be able to access as a result. For example, let us consider how access to host X (in Hostgroup 1) will be affected in various situations for a user who is in user groups A and B.

  • If Group A has only Read access to Hostgroup 1, but Group B Read-write access to Hostgroup 1, the user will get Read-write access to 'X'.

“Read-write” permissions have precedence over “Read” permissions.

  • In the same scenario as above, if 'X' is simultaneously also in Hostgroup 2 that is denied to Group A or B, access to 'X' will be unavailable, despite a Read-write access to Hostgroup 1.
  • If Group A has no permissions defined and Group B has a Read-write access to Hostgroup 1, the user will get Read-write access to 'X'.
  • If Group A has Deny access to Hostgroup 1 and Group B has a Read-write access to Hostgroup 1, the user will get access to 'X' denied.

Other details

  • An Admin level user with Read-write access to a host will not be able to link/unlink templates, if he has no access to the template group they belong to. With Read access to the template group he will be able to link/unlink templates to the host, however, will not see any templates in the template list and will not be able to operate with templates in other places.
  • An Admin level user with Read access to a host will not see the host in the configuration section host list; however, the host triggers will be accessible in IT service configuration.
  • Any non-Super Admin user (including 'guest') can see network maps as long as the map is empty or has only images. When hosts, host groups or triggers are added to the map, permissions are respected.
  • Zabbix server will not send notifications to users defined as action operation recipients if access to the concerned host is explicitly "denied".