Zabbix Documentation 4.4

3.04.05.0 (current)| In development:5.2 (devel)| Unsupported:1.82.02.22.43.23.44.24.4Guidelines

User Tools

Site Tools


manual:installation:install

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
Last revision Both sides next revision
manual:installation:install [2015/08/05 07:34]
martins-v updating screenshot
manual:installation:install [2020/03/02 08:02]
martins-v svn -> git
Line 1: Line 1:
-==== Installation from sources ====+==== Installation from sources ====
  
 You can get the very latest version of Zabbix by compiling it from the sources. You can get the very latest version of Zabbix by compiling it from the sources.
Line 9: Line 9:
 == 1 Download the source archive == == 1 Download the source archive ==
  
-Go to the [[http://​www.zabbix.com/​download.php|Zabbix download page]] and download the source archive. Once downloaded, extract the sources, by running:+Go to the [[http://​www.zabbix.com/​download_sources|Zabbix download page]] and download the source archive. Once downloaded, extract the sources, by running:
  
-  $ tar -zxvf zabbix-3.0.0.tar.gz+  $ tar -zxvf zabbix-4.4.0.tar.gz
    
 <note tip>​Enter the correct Zabbix version in the command. It must match the name of the downloaded archive.</​note>​ <note tip>​Enter the correct Zabbix version in the command. It must match the name of the downloaded archive.</​note>​
Line 19: Line 19:
 For all of the Zabbix daemon processes, an unprivileged user is required. If a Zabbix daemon is started from an unprivileged user account, it will run as that user.  For all of the Zabbix daemon processes, an unprivileged user is required. If a Zabbix daemon is started from an unprivileged user account, it will run as that user. 
  
-However, if a daemon is started from a '​root'​ account, it will switch to a '​zabbix'​ user account, which must be present. To create such a user account (in its own group, "​zabbix"​) ​on Linux systemsrun:+However, if a daemon is started from a '​root'​ account, it will switch to a '​zabbix'​ user account, which must be present. To create such a user account (in its own group, "​zabbix"​),​
  
-  ​groupadd zabbix +on a RedHat-based system, run: 
-  useradd -g zabbix zabbix+ 
 +  ​groupadd ​--system ​zabbix 
 +  useradd ​--system ​-g zabbix ​-d /usr/lib/zabbix ​-s /​sbin/​nologin -c "​Zabbix Monitoring System"​ zabbix 
 + 
 +on a Debian-based system, run: 
 + 
 +  addgroup --system --quiet zabbix 
 +  adduser --quiet --system --disabled-login --ingroup zabbix --home /​var/​lib/​zabbix --no-create-home zabbix 
 + 
 +<note important>​Zabbix processes do not need a home directory, which is why we do not recommend creating it. However, if you are using some functionality that requires it (e. g. store MySQL credentials in ''​$HOME/​.my.cnf''​) you are free to create it using the following commands.\\ \\  
 + 
 +On RedHat-based systems, run: 
 + 
 +  mkdir -m u=rwx,​g=rwx,​o= -p /​usr/​lib/​zabbix 
 +  chown zabbix:​zabbix /​usr/​lib/​zabbix 
 + 
 +On Debian-based systems, run: 
 + 
 +  mkdir -m u=rwx,​g=rwx,​o= -p /​var/​lib/​zabbix 
 +  chown zabbix:​zabbix /​var/​lib/​zabbix 
 +</​note>​
  
 A separate user account is not required for Zabbix frontend installation. A separate user account is not required for Zabbix frontend installation.
Line 50: Line 70:
   ./configure --enable-server --enable-agent --with-mysql --enable-ipv6 --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2   ./configure --enable-server --enable-agent --with-mysql --enable-ipv6 --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2
  
-<​note><​nowiki>​--with-libxml2</​nowiki>​ configuration ​option ​is required for virtual machine monitoring, supported since Zabbix ​2.2.0.</​note>​+<​note>​For virtual machine monitoring ''<​nowiki>​--with-libcurl</​nowiki>''​ and ''​<​nowiki>​--with-libxml2</​nowiki>​'' ​configuration ​options are required; ''<​nowiki>​--with-libcurl</​nowiki>'' ​is also required for SMTP authentication and ''​web.page.*'' ​Zabbix ​agent [[:​manual/​config/​items/​itemtypes/​zabbix_agent|items]]Note that cURL 7.20.0 or higher is [[:​manual/​installation/​requirements|required]] with the ''<​nowiki>​--with-libcurl</​nowiki>''​ configuration option.</​note>​ 
 + 
 +<note important>​Since version 3.4.0, Zabbix will always compile with the PCRE library; installing it is not optional. ''​%%--with-libpcre=[DIR]%%''​ only allows pointing to a specific base install directory, instead of searching through a number of common places for the libpcre files.</​note>​
  
 To configure the sources for a Zabbix server (with PostgreSQL etc.), you may run: To configure the sources for a Zabbix server (with PostgreSQL etc.), you may run:
Line 63: Line 85:
  
   ./configure --enable-agent   ./configure --enable-agent
 +
 +or, for Zabbix agent 2:
 +
 +  ./configure --enable-agent2
  
 You may use the <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ flag to statically link libraries. If you plan to distribute compiled binaries among different servers, you must use this flag to make these binaries work without required libraries. Note that <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ [[http://​blogs.sun.com/​rie/​entry/​static_linking_where_did_it|does not work under Solaris]]. You may use the <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ flag to statically link libraries. If you plan to distribute compiled binaries among different servers, you must use this flag to make these binaries work without required libraries. Note that <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ [[http://​blogs.sun.com/​rie/​entry/​static_linking_where_did_it|does not work under Solaris]].
  
 <note important>​ <note important>​
-Using <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ option is not recommended when building server.// // +Using <​nowiki>​--enable-static</​nowiki>​ option is not recommended when building server.\\ \\ In order to build the server statically you must have a static version of every external library needed. There is no strict check for that in configure script. 
 +</note>
  
-In order to build the server statically you must have static version of every external library neededThere is no strict check for that in configure ​script.+<note important>​ 
 +If ./configure fails due to missing libraries or some other circumstance,​ please take look at the ''​config.log''​ file for more detailed error description. 
 +For example, if we have missing //libssl//, the error message may be misleading:​ 
 + 
 +  checking for main in -lmysqlclient... no 
 +  ​configure: error: Not found mysqlclient library 
 + 
 +But, if we look at ''​config.log'',​ it has a more detailed description for configuration failure: 
 + 
 +  /​usr/​bin/​ld:​ cannot find -lssl 
 +  /​usr/​bin/​ld:​ cannot find -lcrypto
 </​note>​ </​note>​
  
 <​note>​Command-line utilities zabbix_get and zabbix_sender are compiled if %%--enable-agent%% option is used.</​note>​ <​note>​Command-line utilities zabbix_get and zabbix_sender are compiled if %%--enable-agent%% option is used.</​note>​
 +
 +<​note>​
 +Add optional path to the MySQL configuration file <​nowiki>​--with-mysql=/<​path_to_the_file>/​mysql_config</​nowiki>​ to select the desired
 +MySQL client library when there is a need to use one that is not located in the default location.
 +
 +It is useful when there are several versions of MySQL installed or MariaDB installed alongside MySQL on the same system.
 +</​note>​
  
 <​note>​Use <​nowiki>​--with-ibm-db2</​nowiki>​ flag to specify location of the CLI API.\\ Use <​nowiki>​--with-oracle</​nowiki>​ flag to specify location of the OCI API.</​note>​ <​note>​Use <​nowiki>​--with-ibm-db2</​nowiki>​ flag to specify location of the CLI API.\\ Use <​nowiki>​--with-oracle</​nowiki>​ flag to specify location of the OCI API.</​note>​
  
-For encryption support see [[manual:​encryption?&#​compiling_zabbix_with_encryption_support|Compiling Zabbix with encryption support]]+For encryption support see [[manual:​encryption#​compiling_zabbix_with_encryption_support|Compiling Zabbix with encryption support]]
 + 
 +See also: [[:​manual/​installation/​known_issues#​compiling_zabbix_agent_on_hp-ux|known issues]] with compiling Zabbix agent on HP-UX. 
 == 5 Make and install everything == == 5 Make and install everything ==
  
-<​note>​If installing from SVN, it is required to run first:+<​note>​If installing from GIT, it is required to run first:
  
 ''​$ make dbschema''​ ''​$ make dbschema''​
Line 103: Line 150:
  
 You must specify the database name, user and password (if using any). You must specify the database name, user and password (if using any).
- 
-<​note>​With SQLite the full path to database file must be specified; DB user and password are not required.</​note>​ 
  
 The rest of the parameters will suit you with their defaults if you have a small installation (up to ten monitored hosts). You should change the default parameters if you want to maximize the performance of Zabbix server (or proxy) though. See the [[manual:​appendix:​performance_tuning|performance tuning]] section for more details. The rest of the parameters will suit you with their defaults if you have a small installation (up to ten monitored hosts). You should change the default parameters if you want to maximize the performance of Zabbix server (or proxy) though. See the [[manual:​appendix:​performance_tuning|performance tuning]] section for more details.
Line 142: Line 187:
   * /​usr/​local/​apache2/​htdocs (default directory when installing Apache from source)   * /​usr/​local/​apache2/​htdocs (default directory when installing Apache from source)
   * /​srv/​www/​htdocs (OpenSUSE, SLES)   * /​srv/​www/​htdocs (OpenSUSE, SLES)
-  * /​var/​www/​html (Fedora, RHEL, CentOS+  * /​var/​www/​html (Debian, Ubuntu, ​Fedora, RHEL, CentOS)
-  * /var/www (Debian, Ubuntu)+
   ​   ​
 It is suggested to use a subdirectory instead of the HTML root. To create a subdirectory and copy Zabbix frontend files into it, execute the following commands, replacing the actual directory: It is suggested to use a subdirectory instead of the HTML root. To create a subdirectory and copy Zabbix frontend files into it, execute the following commands, replacing the actual directory:
Line 151: Line 195:
   cp -a . <​htdocs>/​zabbix   cp -a . <​htdocs>/​zabbix
  
-If installing from SVN and planning to use any other language than English, you must generate translation files. To do so, run:+If installing from GIT and planning to use any other language than English, you must generate translation files. To do so, run:
  
   locale/​make_mo.sh   locale/​make_mo.sh
Line 158: Line 202:
  
 <​note>​Additionally,​ to use any other language than English, its locale should be installed on the web server. See the [[manual:​web_interface:​user_profile#​see_also|"​See also"​]] section in the "User profile"​ page to find out how to install it if required.</​note>​ <​note>​Additionally,​ to use any other language than English, its locale should be installed on the web server. See the [[manual:​web_interface:​user_profile#​see_also|"​See also"​]] section in the "User profile"​ page to find out how to install it if required.</​note>​
- 
 == Installing frontend == == Installing frontend ==
  
Line 167: Line 210:
 You should see the first screen of the frontend installation wizard. You should see the first screen of the frontend installation wizard.
  
-{{install_1.png?550|}}+{{install_1_b.png?550|}}
  
 == Step 2 == == Step 2 ==
Line 182: Line 225:
 |//PHP max_execution_time option// ​ | 300 seconds (values 0 and -1 are allowed) |In php.ini:\\ max_execution_time = 300  | |//PHP max_execution_time option// ​ | 300 seconds (values 0 and -1 are allowed) |In php.ini:\\ max_execution_time = 300  |
 |//PHP max_input_time option// ​ |300 seconds (values 0 and -1 are allowed) |In php.ini:\\ max_input_time = 300  | |//PHP max_input_time option// ​ |300 seconds (values 0 and -1 are allowed) |In php.ini:\\ max_input_time = 300  |
-|//PHP session.auto_start option// ​ |must be disabled ​ |In php.ini:\\ session.auto_start = 0 | +|//PHP session.auto_start option// ​ |must be disabled ​ |In php.ini:\\ session.auto_start = 0  | 
-|//Database support// ​ |One of: IBM DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, ​SQLite ​ |One of the following modules must be installed:​\\ ​ibm_db2, ​mysql, oci8, pgsql, ​sqlite3 ​ |+|//Database support// ​ |One of: MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, ​IBM DB2  |One of the following modules must be installed:​\\ mysql, oci8, pgsql, ​ibm_db2 ​ |
 |//​bcmath// ​ |  |php-bcmath ​ | |//​bcmath// ​ |  |php-bcmath ​ |
 |//​mbstring// ​ |  |php-mbstring ​ | |//​mbstring// ​ |  |php-mbstring ​ |
-|//PHP mbstring.func_overload option// ​ |must be disabled ​ |In php.ini:\\ mbstring.func_overload = 0 | +|//PHP mbstring.func_overload option// ​ |must be disabled ​ |In php.ini:\\ mbstring.func_overload = 0  | 
-|//PHP always_populate_raw_post_data option// ​ |must be set to -1 |Required only for PHP versions 5.6.0 or newer.\\ In php.ini:\\ always_populate_raw_post_data = -1 |+|//PHP always_populate_raw_post_data option// ​ |must be disabled  ​|Required only for PHP versions 5.6.0 or newer.\\ In php.ini:\\ always_populate_raw_post_data = -1 |
 |//​sockets// ​ |  |php-net-socket. Required for user script support. ​  | |//​sockets// ​ |  |php-net-socket. Required for user script support. ​  |
-|//​gd// ​ |2.0 or higher  ​|php-gd. PHP GD extension must support PNG images (//<​nowiki>​--with-png-dir</​nowiki>//​),​ JPEG (//<​nowiki>​--with-jpeg-dir</​nowiki>//​) images and FreeType 2 (//<​nowiki>​--with-freetype-dir</​nowiki>//​). |+|//​gd// ​ |2.0.28 |php-gd. PHP GD extension must support PNG images (//<​nowiki>​--with-png-dir</​nowiki>//​),​ JPEG (//<​nowiki>​--with-jpeg-dir</​nowiki>//​) images and FreeType 2 (//<​nowiki>​--with-freetype-dir</​nowiki>//​). |
 |//​libxml// ​ |2.6.15 ​ |php-xml or php5-dom ​ | |//​libxml// ​ |2.6.15 ​ |php-xml or php5-dom ​ |
 |//​xmlwriter// ​ |  |php-xmlwriter ​ | |//​xmlwriter// ​ |  |php-xmlwriter ​ |
Line 212: Line 255:
 {{install_4.png?​550|}} {{install_4.png?​550|}}
  
 +Entering a name for Zabbix server is optional, however, if submitted, it will be displayed in the menu bar and page titles.
 == Step 5 == == Step 5 ==
  
Line 220: Line 264:
 == Step 6 == == Step 6 ==
  
-Download the configuration file and place it under conf/.+Download the configuration file and place it under conf/ in the webserver HTML documents subdirectory where you copied Zabbix PHP files to.
  
 {{install_6.png?​550|}} {{install_6.png?​550|}}
Line 237: Line 281:
 Zabbix frontend is ready! The default user name is **Admin**, password **zabbix**. Zabbix frontend is ready! The default user name is **Admin**, password **zabbix**.
  
-{{manual:​quickstart:​login.png|}}+{{manual:​quickstart:​login.png?350|}}
  
 Proceed to [[manual:​quickstart:​login|getting started with Zabbix]]. Proceed to [[manual:​quickstart:​login|getting started with Zabbix]].
  
-==== Troubleshooting ====+=== 3 Installing Java gateway ​== 
 + 
 +It is required to install Java gateway only if you want to monitor JMX applications. Java gateway is lightweight and does not require a database.  
 + 
 +To install from sources, first [[:​manual/​installation/​install#​download_the_source_archive|download]] and extract the source archive. 
 + 
 +To compile Java gateway, run the ''​./​configure''​ script with ''​%%--enable-java%%''​ option. It is advisable that you specify the ''​%%--prefix%%''​ option to request installation path other than the default /usr/local, because installing Java gateway will create a whole directory tree, not just a single executable. 
 + 
 +  $ ./configure --enable-java --prefix=$PREFIX 
 + 
 +To compile and package Java gateway into a JAR file, run ''​make''​. Note that for this step you will need ''​javac''​ and ''​jar''​ executables in your path. 
 + 
 +  $ make 
 + 
 +Now you have a zabbix-java-gateway-$VERSION.jar file in src/​zabbix_java/​bin. If you are comfortable with running Java gateway from src/​zabbix_java in the distribution directory, then you can proceed to instructions for configuring and running [[:​manual/​concepts/​java#​overview_of_files_in_java_gateway_distribution|Java gateway]]. Otherwise, make sure you have enough privileges and run ''​make install''​.
  
-See the section on [[manual:​appendix:​install:​troubleshooting|installation-specific issue troubleshooting]].+  $ make install
  
 +Proceed to [[:​manual/​concepts/​java/​from_sources|setup]] for more details on configuring and running Java gateway.
 ==== See also ==== ==== See also ====
   - [[http://​www.zabbix.org/​wiki/​How_to/​configure_shared_memory|How to configure shared memory for Zabbix daemons]]   - [[http://​www.zabbix.org/​wiki/​How_to/​configure_shared_memory|How to configure shared memory for Zabbix daemons]]