Zabbix Documentation 5.2

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manual:config:templates_out_of_the_box:network_devices

Standardized templates for network devices

Overview

In order to provide monitoring for network devices such as switches and routers, we have created two so-called models: for the network device itself (its chassis basically) and for network interface.

Since Zabbix 3.4 templates for many families of network devices are provided. All templates cover (where possible to get these items from the device):

  • Chassis fault monitoring (power supplies, fans and temperature, overall status)
  • Chassis performance monitoring (CPU and memory items)
  • Chassis inventory collection (serial numbers, model name, firmware version)
  • Network interface monitoring with IF-MIB and EtherLike-MIB (interface status, interface traffic load, duplex status for Ethernet)

These templates are available:

  • In new installations - in ConfigurationTemplates;
  • If you are upgrading from previous versions, you can find these templates in the templates directory of the downloaded latest Zabbix version. While in ConfigurationTemplates you can import them manually from this directory.

If you are importing the new out-of-the-box templates, you may want to also update the @Network interfaces for discovery global regular expression to:

Result is FALSE: ^Software Loopback Interface
Result is FALSE: ^(In)?[lL]oop[bB]ack[0-9._]*$
Result is FALSE: ^NULL[0-9.]*$
Result is FALSE: ^[lL]o[0-9.]*$
Result is FALSE: ^[sS]ystem$
Result is FALSE: ^Nu[0-9.]*$

to filter out loopbacks and null interfaces on most systems.

Devices

List of device families for which templates are available:

Template nameVendorDevice familyKnown modelsOSMIBs usedTags
Template Net Alcatel Timetra TiMOS SNMP Alcatel Alcatel Timetra ALCATEL SR 7750 TiMOS TIMETRA-SYSTEM-MIB,TIMETRA-CHASSIS-MIB Certified
Template Net Brocade FC SNMP Brocade Brocade FC switchesBrocade 300 SAN Switch- - SW-MIB,ENTITY-MIB Performance, Fault
Template Net Brocade_Foundry Stackable SNMP Brocade Brocade ICX Brocade ICX6610, Brocade ICX7250-48, Brocade ICX7450-48F FOUNDRY-SN-AGENT-MIB, FOUNDRY-SN-STACKING-MIB Certified
Template Net Brocade_Foundry Nonstackable SNMP Brocade, Foundry Brocade MLX, Foundry Brocade MLXe, Foundry FLS648, Foundry FWSX424 FOUNDRY-SN-AGENT-MIB Performance, Fault
Template Net Cisco IOS SNMP Cisco Cisco IOS ver > 12.2 3.5 Cisco C2950 IOS CISCO-PROCESS-MIB,CISCO-MEMORY-POOL-MIB,CISCO-ENVMON-MIB Certified
Template Net Cisco IOS versions 12.0_3_T-12.2_3.5 SNMP Cisco Cisco IOS > 12.0 3 T and < 12.2 3.5 - IOS CISCO-PROCESS-MIB,CISCO-MEMORY-POOL-MIB,CISCO-ENVMON-MIB Certified
Template Net Cisco IOS prior to 12.0_3_T SNMP Cisco Cisco IOS < 12.0 3 T - IOS OLD-CISCO-CPU-MIB,CISCO-MEMORY-POOL-MIB Certified
Template Net D-Link DES_DGS Switch SNMP D-Link DES/DGX switches D-Link DES-xxxx/DGS-xxxx,DLINK DGS-3420-26SC - DLINK-AGENT-MIB,EQUIPMENT-MIB,ENTITY-MIB Certified
Template Net D-Link DES 7200 SNMP D-Link DES-7xxx D-Link DES 7206 - ENTITY-MIB,MY-SYSTEM-MIB,MY-PROCESS-MIB,MY-MEMORY-MIB Performance Fault Interfaces
Template Net Dell Force S-Series SNMP Dell Dell Force S-SeriesS4810 F10-S-SERIES-CHASSIS-MIB Certified
Template Net Extreme Exos SNMP Extreme Extreme EXOS X670V-48x EXOS EXTREME-SYSTEM-MIB,EXTREME-SOFTWARE-MONITOR-MIB Certified
Template Net Huawei VRP SNMP Huawei Huawei VRP S2352P-EI - ENTITY-MIB,HUAWEI-ENTITY-EXTENT-MIB Certified
Template Net Intel_Qlogic Infiniband SNMP Intel/QLogic Intel/QLogic Infiniband devicesInfiniband 12300 ICS-CHASSIS-MIB Fault Inventory
Template Net Juniper SNMP Juniper MX,SRX,EX models Juniper MX240, Juniper EX4200-24F JunOS JUNIPER-MIBCertified
Template Net Mellanox SNMP Mellanox Mellanox Infiniband devicesSX1036 MLNX-OS HOST-RESOURCES-MIB,ENTITY-MIB,ENTITY-SENSOR-MIB,MELLANOX-MIB Certified
Template Net Mikrotik SNMP Mikrotik Mikrotik RouterOS devices Mikrotik CCR1016-12G, Mikrotik RB2011UAS-2HnD, Mikrotik 912UAG-5HPnD, Mikrotik 941-2nD, Mikrotik 951G-2HnD, Mikrotik 1100AHx2 RouterOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIBCertified
Template Net QTech QSW SNMP QTech Qtech devices Qtech QSW-2800-28T - QTECH-MIB,ENTITY-MIBPerformance Inventory
Template Net Ubiquiti AirOS SNMP Ubiquiti Ubiquiti AirOS wireless devicesNanoBridge,NanoStation,Unifi AirOS FROGFOOT-RESOURCES-MIB,IEEE802dot11-MIBPerformance
Template Net HP Comware HH3C SNMP HP HP (H3C) Comware HP A5500-24G-4SFP HI Switch HH3C-ENTITY-EXT-MIB,ENTITY-MIB Certified
Template Net HP Enterprise Switch SNMP HP HP Enterprise Switch HP ProCurve J4900B Switch 2626, HP J9728A 2920-48G Switch STATISTICS-MIB,NETSWITCH-MIB,HP-ICF-CHASSIS,ENTITY-MIB,SEMI-MIB Certified
Template Net TP-LINK SNMP TP-LINK TP-LINK T2600G-28TS v2.0 TPLINK-SYSMONITOR-MIB,TPLINK-SYSINFO-MIB Performance Inventory
Template Net Netgear Fastpath SNMP Netgear Netgear Fastpath M5300-28G FASTPATH-SWITCHING-MIB,FASTPATH-BOXSERVICES-PRIVATE-MIB Fault Inventory

Template design

Templates were designed with the following in mind:

  • User macros are used as much as possible so triggers can be tuned by the user;
  • Low-level discovery is used as much as possible to minimize the number of unsuppported items;
  • All templates depend on Template ICMP Ping so all devices are also checked by ICMP;
  • Items don't use any MIBs - SNMP OIDs are used in items and low-level discoveries. So it's not necessary to load any MIBs into Zabbix for templates to work;
  • Loopback network interfaces are filtered when discovering as well as interfaces with ifAdminStatus = down(2)
  • 64bit counters are used from IF-MIB::ifXTable where possible. If it is not supported, default 32bit counters are used instead;
  • All discovered network interfaces have a trigger that controls its operational status(link).
    • If you do no want to monitor this condition for a specific interface create a user macro with context with the value 0. For example:

where Gi0/0 is {#IFNAME}. That way the trigger is not used any more for this specific interface.

  • You can also change the default behaviour for all triggers not to fire and activate this trigger only to limited number of interfaces like uplinks

Tags

  • Performance – device family MIBs provide a way to monitor CPU and memory items;
  • Fault - device family MIBs provide a way to monitor at least one temperature sensor;
  • Inventory – device family MIBs provide a way to collect at least the device serial number and model name;
  • Certified – all three main categories above are covered.