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网络设备的标准化模板

概述

为了提供交换机和路由器等网络设备的监控,我们创建了两个所谓的模型:网络设备本身(基本上是它的机框)和网络接口

从Zabbix 3.4开始提供了许多网络设备系列模板。 所有模板都覆盖(尽可能从设备中获取这些监控项):

  • 机框故障监控(电源,风扇和温度,总体状态)
  • 机框性能监控(CPU和内存监控项)
  • 机框资产收集(序列号,型号名称,固件版本)
  • 使用IF-MIB和EtherLike-MIB进行网络接口监控(接口状态,接口流量负载,以太网的双工状态)

这些模板获取来源:

  • 在新安装的Zabbix中 - 前往配置模板;
  • 如果是从旧版本升级的Zabbix,你可以在下载的最新版本的Zabbix的templates 目录中找到模板文件。在经过手工 导入这些模板文件后,可以在配置模板页找到模板。

如果要导入新的开箱即用模板,您可能还需要将@Network自动发现接口全局正则表达式更新为:

Result is FALSE: ^Software Loopback Interface
       Result is FALSE: ^(In)?[lL]oop[bB]ack[0-9._]*$
       Result is FALSE: ^NULL[0-9.]*$
       Result is FALSE: ^[lL]o[0-9.]*$
       Result is FALSE: ^[sS]ystem$
       Result is FALSE: ^Nu[0-9.]*$

更新后,会过滤掉在大多数系统上环回和空接口。

设备

可用模板的设备系列列表:

模板名称 厂商 设备系列 已知模型 操作系统 使用的MIB库 标签
Alcatel Timetra TiMOS SNMP Alcatel Alcatel Timetra ALCATEL SR 7750 TiMOS TIMETRA-SYSTEM-MIB,TIMETRA-CHASSIS-MIB Certified
Brocade FC SNMP Brocade Brocade FC switches Brocade 300 SAN Switch- - SW-MIB,ENTITY-MIB Performance, Fault
Brocade_Foundry Stackable SNMP Brocade Brocade ICX Brocade ICX6610, Brocade ICX7250-48, Brocade ICX7450-48F FOUNDRY-SN-AGENT-MIB, FOUNDRY-SN-STACKING-MIB Certified
Brocade_Foundry Nonstackable SNMP Brocade, Foundry Brocade MLX, Foundry Brocade MLXe, Foundry FLS648, Foundry FWSX424 FOUNDRY-SN-AGENT-MIB Performance, Fault
Cisco Catalyst 3750<device model> SNMP Cisco Cisco Catalyst 3750 Cisco Catalyst 3750V2-24FS, Cisco Catalyst 3750V2-24PS, Cisco Catalyst 3750V2-24TS, Cisco Catalyst SNMP, Cisco Catalyst SNMP CISCO-MEMORY-POOL-MIB, IF-MIB, EtherLike-MIB, SNMPv2-MIB, CISCO-PROCESS-MIB, CISCO-ENVMON-MIB, ENTITY-MIB Certified
Cisco IOS SNMP Cisco Cisco IOS ver > 12.2 3.5 Cisco C2950 IOS CISCO-PROCESS-MIB,CISCO-MEMORY-POOL-MIB,CISCO-ENVMON-MIB Certified
Cisco IOS versions 12.0_3_T-12.2_3.5 SNMP Cisco Cisco IOS > 12.0 3 T and < 12.2 3.5 - IOS CISCO-PROCESS-MIB,CISCO-MEMORY-POOL-MIB,CISCO-ENVMON-MIB Certified
Cisco IOS prior to 12.0_3_T SNMP Cisco Cisco IOS < 12.0 3 T - IOS OLD-CISCO-CPU-MIB,CISCO-MEMORY-POOL-MIB Certified
D-Link DES_DGS Switch SNMP D-Link DES/DGX switches D-Link DES-xxxx/DGS-xxxx,DLINK DGS-3420-26SC - DLINK-AGENT-MIB,EQUIPMENT-MIB,ENTITY-MIB Certified
D-Link DES 7200 SNMP D-Link DES-7xxx D-Link DES 7206 - ENTITY-MIB,MY-SYSTEM-MIB,MY-PROCESS-MIB,MY-MEMORY-MIB Performance Fault Interfaces
Dell Force S-Series SNMP Dell Dell Force S-Series S4810 F10-S-SERIES-CHASSIS-MIB Certified
Extreme Exos SNMP Extreme Extreme EXOS X670V-48x EXOS EXTREME-SYSTEM-MIB,EXTREME-SOFTWARE-MONITOR-MIB Certified
Huawei VRP SNMP Huawei Huawei VRP S2352P-EI - ENTITY-MIB,HUAWEI-ENTITY-EXTENT-MIB Certified
Intel_Qlogic Infiniband SNMP Intel/QLogic Intel/QLogic Infiniband devices Infiniband 12300 ICS-CHASSIS-MIB Fault Inventory
Juniper SNMP Juniper MX,SRX,EX models Juniper MX240, Juniper EX4200-24F JunOS JUNIPER-MIB Certified
Mellanox SNMP Mellanox Mellanox Infiniband devices SX1036 MLNX-OS HOST-RESOURCES-MIB,ENTITY-MIB,ENTITY-SENSOR-MIB,MELLANOX-MIB Certified
MikroTik CCR<device model> SNMP MikroTik MikroTik Cloud Core Routers (CCR series) Separate dedicated templates are available for MikroTik CCR1009-7G-1C-1S+, MikroTik CCR1009-7G-1C-1S+PC, MikroTik CCR1009-7G-1C-PC, MikroTik CCR1016-12G, MikroTik CCR1016-12S-1S+, MikroTik CCR1036-12G-4S-EM, MikroTik CCR1036-12G-4S, MikroTik CCR1036-8G-2S+, MikroTik CCR1036-8G-2S+EM, MikroTik CCR1072-1G-8S+, MikroTik CCR2004-16G-2S+, MikroTik CCR2004-1G-12S+2XS RouterOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
MikroTik CRS<device model> SNMP MikroTik MikroTik Cloud Router Switches (CRS series) Separate dedicated templates are available for MikroTik CRS106-1C-5S, MikroTik CRS109-8G-1S-2HnD-IN, MikroTik CRS112-8G-4S-IN, MikroTik CRS112-8P-4S-IN, MikroTik CRS125-24G-1S-2HnD-IN, MikroTik CRS212-1G-10S-1S+IN, MikroTik CRS305-1G-4S+IN, MikroTik CRS309-1G-8S+IN, MikroTik CRS312-4C+8XG-RM, MikroTik CRS317-1G-16S+RM, MikroTik CRS326-24G-2S+IN, MikroTik CRS326-24G-2S+RM, MikroTik CRS326-24S+2Q+RM, MikroTik CRS328-24P-4S+RM, MikroTik CRS328-4C-20S-4S+RM, MikroTik CRS354-48G-4S+2Q+RM, MikroTik CRS354-48P-4S+2Q+RM RouterOS/SwitchOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
MikroTik CSS<device model> SNMP MikroTik MikroTik Cloud Smart Switches (CSS series) Separate dedicated templates are available for MikroTik CSS326-24G-2S+RM, MikroTik CSS610-8G-2S+IN RouterOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
MikroTik FiberBox SNMP MikroTik MikroTik FiberBox MikroTik FiberBox RouterOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
MikroTik hEX <device model> SNMP MikroTik MikroTik hEX Separate dedicated templates are available for MikroTik hEX, MikroTik hEX lite, MikroTik hEX PoE, MikroTik hEX PoE lite, MikroTik hEX S RouterOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
MikroTik netPower <device model> SNMP MikroTik MikroTik netPower Separate dedicated templates are available for MikroTik netPower 15FR, MikroTik netPower 16P SNMP, MikroTik netPower Lite 7R RouterOS/SwitchOS, SwitchOS Lite MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
MikroTik PowerBox <device model> SNMP MikroTik MikroTik PowerBox Separate dedicated templates are available for MikroTik PowerBox, MikroTik PowerBox Pro RouterOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
MikroTik RB<device model> SNMP MikroTik MikroTik RB series routers Separate dedicated templates are available for MikroTik RB1100AHx4, MikroTik RB1100AHx4 Dude Edition, MikroTik RB2011iL-IN, MikroTik RB2011iL-RM, MikroTik RB2011iLS-IN, MikroTik RB2011UiAS-IN, MikroTik RB2011UiAS-RM, MikroTik RB260GS, MikroTik RB3011UiAS-RM, MikroTik RB4011iGS+RM, MikroTik RB5009UG+S+IN RouterOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
MikroTik SNMP MikroTik MikroTik RouterOS devices MikroTik CCR1016-12G, MikroTik RB2011UAS-2HnD, MikroTik 912UAG-5HPnD, MikroTik 941-2nD, MikroTik 951G-2HnD, MikroTik 1100AHx2 RouterOS MIKROTIK-MIB,HOST-RESOURCES-MIB Certified
QTech QSW SNMP QTech Qtech devices Qtech QSW-2800-28T - QTECH-MIB,ENTITY-MIB Performance Inventory
Ubiquiti AirOS SNMP Ubiquiti Ubiquiti AirOS wireless devices NanoBridge,NanoStation,Unifi AirOS FROGFOOT-RESOURCES-MIB,IEEE802dot11-MIB Performance
HP Comware HH3C SNMP HP HP (H3C) Comware HP A5500-24G-4SFP HI Switch HH3C-ENTITY-EXT-MIB,ENTITY-MIB Certified
HP Enterprise Switch SNMP HP HP Enterprise Switch HP ProCurve J4900B Switch 2626, HP J9728A 2920-48G Switch STATISTICS-MIB,NETSWITCH-MIB,HP-ICF-CHASSIS,ENTITY-MIB,SEMI-MIB Certified
TP-LINK SNMP TP-LINK TP-LINK T2600G-28TS v2.0 TPLINK-SYSMONITOR-MIB,TPLINK-SYSINFO-MIB Performance Inventory
Netgear Fastpath SNMP Netgear Netgear Fastpath M5300-28G FASTPATH-SWITCHING-MIB,FASTPATH-BOXSERVICES-PRIVATE-MIB Fault Inventory

模板设计

模板的设计考虑到以下因素:

  • 尽可能使用用户宏,让用户可以自主调节触发器;
  • 尽可能使用低级发现,尽量减少不支持监控项的数量;
  • 所有模板都依赖于Template ICMP Ping,因此ICMP也会检查所有设备;
  • 监控项不使用任何MIB - SNMP OIDs用于监控项和低级别发现。 因此,没有必要将任何MIB加载到Zabbix中以使模板工作;
  • 当发现接口以及fAdminStatus = down(2)的接口时,环回网络接口被过滤;
  • 尽可能使用IF-MIB::ifXTable中的64位计数器。 如果不支持,则使用默认的32位计数器;
  • 所有发现的网络接口都有一个控制其运行状态(链接)的触发器。
    • 如果您不想监视此条件下的特定接口,请创建一个用户宏,其上下文值为 0。 例如:

其中Gi0/0是{#IFNAME}的值。 这样,触发器不再用于此特定接口。

  * 您还可以更改所有触发器不会触发的默认行为,并仅将此触发器激活到有限数量的接口(如上行链路)

标签

  • Performance – 设备系列MIB提供了一种监控CPU和内存监控项的方法;
  • Fault - 设备系列MIB提供监控至少一个温度传感器的方法;
  • Inventory – 设备系列MIB提供了至少收集设备序列号和型号名称的方法;
  • Certified – 涵盖上述所有三个主要类别。