4 Discovery of SNMP OIDs


In this section we will perform an SNMP discovery on a switch.

This discovery method of SNMP OIDs has been supported since Zabbix server/proxy 6.4.

Item key

Create an SNMP item, using the following item key in the SNMP OID field:


This item will perform an snmpwalk for the OIDs specified in the parameters (,, returning a concatenated list of values, e.g.:

. = STRING: "lo"
       . = STRING: "ens33"
       . = STRING: "ens37"
       . = INTEGER: 24
       . = INTEGER: 6
       . = INTEGER: 6

Dependent discovery rule

Go to the discovery rules of your template/host. Click on Create discovery rule in the upper right corner of the screen.

Fill in the required details in the Discovery rule tab:

  • Select Dependent item as item type
  • Select the previously created SNMP walk item as the master item
  • Fill the name and key with meaningful values

In the Preprocessing tab, select the SNMP walk to JSON preproccesing step.

In the field name specify a valid LLD macro name. Select the corresponding OID path to discover values from.

This rule will discover entities and set:

  • {#IFDESCR} macros to lo, ens33, and ens37;
  • {#IFTYPE} macros set to 24, 6, and 6.

A built-in macro {#SNMPINDEX} containing the index of the discovered OIDs is applied to discovered entities. The discovered entities are grouped by {#SNMPINDEX} macro value: 1, 2 and 3:

               "{#SNMPINDEX}": "1",
               "{#IFDESCR}": "lo",
               "{#IFTYPE}": "24"
               "{#SNMPINDEX}": "2",
               "{#IFDESCR}": "ens33",
               "{#IFTYPE}": "6"
               "{#SNMPINDEX}": "3",
               "{#IFDESCR}": "ens37",
               "{#IFTYPE}": "6"

If an entity does not have the specified OID, then the corresponding macro will be omitted for this entity.

Item, trigger, graph prototypes

Item prototypes must be created as dependent item prototypes, using macros from the discovery rule.

Dependent items will obtain their values from the walk[] master item. Thus it will not be necessary for each discovered item to query the SNMP device independently.

Trigger and graph prototypes may also be created also by using macros from the discovery rule.

Discovered entities

When server runs, it will create real dependent items, triggers and graphs based on the values the SNMP discovery rule returns.