Zabbix Documentation 1.8

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5 Zabbix Agent (Windows)


Installation is very simple and includes 3 steps:

Step 1

Create configuration file.

Create configuration file c:/zabbix_agentd.conf in UTF8 encoding without BOM (it has similar syntax as the UNIX agent).

An example configuration file is available in Zabbix source archive as misc/

Step 2

Install agent as a Windows service.

zabbix_agentd.exe --install

If you wish to use configuration file other than c:\zabbix_agentd.conf, you should use the following command for service installation:

zabbix_agentd.exe --config <your_configuration_file> --install

Full path to configuration file should be specified.

Step 3

Run agent.

Now you can use Control Panel to start agent's service or run:

zabbix_agentd.exe --start

Windows NT 4.0 note. Zabbix_agentd.exe uses PDH (Performance Data Helper) API to gather various system information, so PDH.DLL is needed. This DLL is not supplied with Windows NT 4.0, so you need to download and install it by yourself. Microsoft Knowledge Base article number 284996 describes this in detail and contains a download link. You can find this article at;en-us;284996


Command line syntax:

zabbix_agentd.exe [-Vhp] [-idsx] [-c <file>] [-t <metric>]

Zabbix Windows agent accepts the following command line parameters:


  -c --config <file>   Specify alternate configuration file (default is c:\zabbix_agentd.conf).
  -h --help            Display help information.
  -V --version         Display version number.
  -p --print           Print known items and exit.
  -t --test <item key> Test single item and exit.


  -i --install   Install Zabbix agent as a service.
  -d --uninstall Uninstall Zabbix agent service.
  -s --start     Start Zabbix agent service.
  -x --stop      Stop Zabbix agent service.
  -m --multiple-agents  Service name will include hostname

Configuration file

The configuration file (c:/zabbix_agentd.conf) contains configuration parameters for zabbix_agentd.exe. Supported parameters:

Alias no Sets an alias for parameter. It can be useful to substitute long and complex parameter name with a smaller and simpler one.
For example, if you wish to retrieve paging file usage in percents from the server,
you may use parameter “perf_counter[\Paging File(_Total)\% Usage]”, or you may define an alias by adding the following line to configuration file
Alias = pg_usage:perf_counter[\Paging File(_Total)\% Usage]
After that you can use parameter name “pg_usage” to retrieve the same information.
You can specify as many “Alias” records as you wish.
Aliases cannot be used for parameters defined in “PerfCounter” configuration file records.

Starting from version 1.8.6 Zabbix Agent will not start up in case incorrectly formatted Alias entry or duplicate Alias key is present in configuration file.
BufferSend no 1-3600 5 Do not keep data longer than N seconds in buffer.
BufferSize no 2-65535 100 Maximum number of values in a memory buffer. The agent will send
all collected data to Zabbix server or Proxy if the buffer is full.
DebugLevel no 0-4 3 Specifies debug level
0 - no debug
1 - critical information
2 - error information
3 - warnings
4 - for debugging (produces lots of information)
DisableActive no 0 Disable active checks. The agent will work in passive mode listening for server.
DisablePassive no 0 Disable passive checks. The agent will not listen on any TCP port.
Only active checks will be processed.
0 - do not disable
1 - disable
EnableRemoteCommands no 0 Whether remote commands from Zabbix server are allowed.
0 - not allowed
1 - allowed
Hostname no Set by HostnameItem Unique, case sensitive hostname.
Required for active checks and must match hostname as configured on the server.
Allowed characters: alphanumeric, '.', ' ', '_' and '-'.
Maximum length: 64
HostnameItem no system.hostname Item used for setting Hostname if it is undefined.
Does not support UserParameters, performance counters or aliases, but does support[] regardless of EnableRemoteCommands value.

Ignored if Hostname is set.

This option is supported in version 1.8.6 and higher.
Include no You may include individual file in the configuration file.
ListenIP no Agent will listen on the specified interface.
ListenPort no 1024-32767 10050 Agent will listen on this port for connections from the server.
LogFileSize no 0-1024 1 Maximum size of log file in MB.
0 - disable automatic log rotation.
LogFile no Name of log file.
If not set, Windows Event Log is used.
LogRemoteCommands no 0 Enable logging of executed shell commands as warnings.
0 - disabled
1 - enabled
MaxLinesPerSecond no 1-1000 100 Maximum number of new lines the agent will send per second to Zabbix Server
or Proxy processing 'log', 'logrt' and 'eventlog' active checks.
The provided value will be overridden by the parameter 'maxlines',
provided in 'log', 'logrt' or 'eventlog' item keys.
PerfCounter no Syntax: <parameter_name>,“<perf_counter_path>”,<period>
Defines new parameter <parameter_name> which is an average value for system performance counter <perf_counter_path> for the specified time period <period> (in seconds).
For example, if you wish to receive average number of processor interrupts per second for last minute, you can define new parameter “interrupts” as following:
PerfCounter = interrupts,“\Processor(0)\Interrupts/sec”,60
Please note double quotes around performance counter path.
The parameter name (interrupts) is to be used as the item key when creating an item.
Samples for calculating average value will be taken every second.
You may run “typeperf -qx” to get list of all performance counters available in Windows.

Starting from version 1.8.6 Zabbix Agent will not start up in case incorrectly formatted PerfCounter entry or duplicate PerfCounter key is present in configuration file.
RefreshActiveChecks no 60-3600 120 How often list of active checks is refreshed, in seconds.
Server yes List of comma delimited IP addresses (or hostnames) of Zabbix servers. No spaces allowed.
If ServerActive is not specified, the first entry is used for receiving list of and sending active checks.
Note that hostnames must resolve hostname→IP address and IP address→hostname.
If IPv6 support is enabled then '', '::', '::ffff:' are treated equally.
ServerActive no List of comma delimited IP:port (or hostname:port) pairs of Zabbix servers for active checks. No spaces allowed.
If ServerActive is specified, first host in the Server option is not used for active checks, only for passive checks.
If the port is not specified, ServerPort port is used for that host. If ServerPort is not specified, default port is used.
IPv6 addresses must be enclosed in square brackets if port for that host is specified. If port is not specified, square brackets for IPv6 addresses are optional.
This option is supported in version 1.8.13 and higher.
ServerPort no 10051 Server port for retrieving list of and sending active checks.
SourceIP no Source IP address for outgoing connections.
StartAgents no 1-63 (*) 3 Number of pre-forked instances of zabbix_agentd that process passive checks.
The upper limit used to be 16 before version 1.8.5.
Timeout no 1-30 3 Spend no more than Timeout seconds on processing
UnsafeUserParameters no 0-1 0 Allow all characters to be passed in arguments to user-defined parameters.
0 - do not allow
1 - allow
UserParameter User-defined parameter to monitor. There can be several user-defined parameters.
Format: UserParameter=<key>,<shell command>
Note that shell command must not return empty string or EOL only.
Example: UserParameter=system.test,echo 1

Starting from version 1.8.6 Zabbix Agent will not start up in case incorrectly formatted UserParameter entry or duplicate UserParameter key is present in configuration file.

(*) The number of active servers listed in ServerActive plus the number of pre-forked instances for passive checks specified in StartAgents must be less than 64.

Starting from version 1.8.6 Zabbix agent will not start up if invalid (not following parameter=value notation) or unknown parameter entry is present in configuration file.

Zabbix supports configuration files only in UTF-8 encoding without BOM.